Lincolnshire Past & Present Editor: Ros Beevers
The Society's magazine has been published four times a year since 1990. It contains a variety of interesting illustrated articles about the county's history and also reviews of recently published Lincolnshire books.
Lincolnshire Past & Present is received by SLHA members as a benefit of membership. Subject to availability, copies may also be purchased (see left). It is planned to make back copies available on line through this website.
Authors are invited to submit suitable articles for consideration by the Editor.
No. 108 - Summer 2017
An explanation of how the civil war battle between the factions supporting Henry III and Louis of France came to be known as the Battle of Lincoln Fair and, given the nature of fairs and tournaments, why it is perhaps better simply called the Battle of Lincoln 1217.
Joseph Gilbert, originally from the Kirton-in-Holland, sailed twice with the renowned Captain James Cook. This relatively overlooked seaman attained the rank of master in the navy and was involved in survey work along the coasts of Newfoundland and Labrador with Cook. The Gilbert Islands in the Pacific were named after him by Cook.
The Victorian Farm Labourers of Mere Oaks Cottages in Branston Parish
Dennis Mills and Victoria Thorpe
A detailed investigation of the occupancy and ownership of cottages at the extreme eastern edge of Branston parish in Potterhanworth Booths using census and other local records. The livelihood (road mending) of the authors' ancestor who lived in the cottages in the late 19th century is also described in some detail.
The Clayton Heirs
Nathaniel Clayton, the hugely successful Lincoln industrialist, only had daughters, but two of these produced sons. Robert Clayton Swan and Nathaniel Cockburn inherited considerable wealth from their grandfather; they were well educated but, as this detailed sudy shows, they achieved very little. Hunting and other sports were their principal occupations.
Account to follow
Education and Employment Opportunities for Girls
Account to follow
World War One Record of Service - Fulbeck
A specially printed record book in St Nicholas's church at Fulbeck contains details of the First World War service of all the men of the parish. This is an excellent record, although some of the information may be incomplete or incorrect.
* The early history of Lincolnshire County Council Offices, Newland, Lincoln (contributor: Neville Birch)
* Cumberworth Primitive Methodist Chapel (mentioned in LP&P107): further information
* Obituary: Ruth Tinley (1926-2017), longstanding SLHA member and highly regarded local and family historian.
* Procession of City of London Livery Companies in Lincoln, June 2017 and examples of work at associated Skills Festival (photographs)
Ronald Tointon, a Methodist Minister born in Lincoln in 1908 and life-long supporter of Lincoln City FC, compiled a record of the team that finished first in the Third Division (North) in 1931/32. Personal notes are given on key players, comparing some to national stars of the day.
Sleaford - a Sporting 'What might have been'
Immediately after the Second World War plans were put forward to create a sports stadium alongside the A153 three miles north of Sleaford. This ambitious scheme might have provided arenas for a wide range of sports and have become a 'White City' to match other regional sports venues, but it fell at the first hurdle when an application to the local planning authority for permission to build greyhound and speedway tracks was turned down.
The Diversion of the Roman Road at Littleborough-on-Trent
The accidental discovery of a stone causeway which grounded a boat in the Trent near Littleborough in 1994 led to a detailed investigation of the diversion of Till Bridge Lane (Roman Road) around Littleborough on the west bank of the river and the existence of two crossing points in close proximity.
The writer looks back to his youth in the 1930s when, bit by bit, he came to understand the new technology of the telephone: the mystery of wires and insulators, and the essential role of the linesmen who scaled telegraph poles in all weathers.
Arthur Galton, Vicar of Edenham
An account of the chequered career of a gifted scholar (born 1852) who trained to be an RC priest, later read history at Oxford and then embarked on an ill-fated literary career. Later he held a post in Australia and then back in England, in his 40s, became an Anglican priest, serving Edenham and Grimsthorpe (home of the Dukes of Ancaster) until his death in 1921. There is much added local flavour - the story of a gun kept under Galton's pillow; his friendship with Frederic Manning - to make this a very valuable and readable article.
Riches to Rags in the Early Eighteenth Century (William Thornton of Bloxholm)
William Thornton (1693-1728) inherited the Bloxholm estate in 1716 but was soon in serious financial difficulty and had to sell Bloxholm Hall in 1721. He was involved in further significant legal disputes - described here in some detail - until his early death at the age of 35. The Thornton family, which had risen to some prominence in the county after the Civil War, was effectively wiped out at the death of William.
Ray Carroll (1930-2017) - Obituary
Ray had been a professional librarian working in the public sector, holding the post of County Librarian in Lincolnshire when he retired. He was the highly regarded and hard working Reviews Editor for SLHA from 1997 until his death. He was also an active participant in several other county societies, notable the Tennyson Society and the Lincoln Record Society.
* An extremely small Primitive Methodist chapel, built in 1859, has been adapted as a single-room extension to a house. (It is at Cumberworth about 3.5 miles SE of Alford)
* Photographs of Lincoln street furniture (manhole covers, gratings and the like) made by former iron founder, Richard Duckering.
* Family recollection of a 5-year-old Grantham boy who had to live with an strict aunt in Sheffield during WW1 to release space at home for billeted soldiers.
The Charter of the Forest, issued in 1217, moderated the laws governing the Royal Forests, one of which was the Forest of Kestevn in south Lincolnshire, established in the early twelfth century. The article outlines the process of deforestation of this huge (largely treeless) area into the fourteenth century.
Goates and Draynes: Dikereeves' Accounts from the Seventeenth Century
Meryl Foster and Ian Simmons
A study of documents from the parishes of Wainfleet, Friskney, Bratoft and Firsby reveals interesting detail of work done to maintain and improve inland drainage. Both technical and financial information can be gleaned from accounts deposited at Lincolnshire Archives.
Pte James A W Foster: a soldier in the First World War
James R Foster
Foster, an apprentice steelworker from Scunthorpe, served with the Sherwood Foresters as a Lewis Gunner at Passchedaele and survived the war. Ironically most of his service records were destroyed in a WW2 air raid.
An Explosive Discovery: Ruston Proctor ZLH Locomotive
Ruston Proctor & Co developed a small, spark-proof locomotive with an internal combustion engine which ran on paraffin and was supplied to the Ministry of Munitions at the time of WW1. A rare example was rescued from a scrapyard in the 1960s and with the help of restorer Brian Clifford and Ruston & Hornsby Information Manager Ray Hooley was added to the collection at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life.
Leadenham on the Lincoln and Honington Railway
A fine print which appeared in the Illustrated London News in May 1867 (copied here) shows interesting detail of the newly opened Lincoln-Honington railway line where it is crossed by the A17 road at Leadenham. The background to the line's constuction is discussed and mention is made of its subsequent role in the Lincolnshire ironstone industry.
Boston Road Camp: Sleaford's forgotten Prisoner of War Camp
Initially the site of a searchlight battalion in 1939, this Sleaford site housed about 300 German PoWs who worked as manual labourers in the town until repatriation (1946-47). The hutted accommodation was then occupied by workers from the Baltic states (European Voluntary Workers), who were drafted in to meet local labour shortages. Their numbers gradually diminished and the camp closed in 1954 to be replaced by the St Giles Avenue estate from 1958.
* Lincolnshire-made machines in the tea industry: a photograph of a Marshall of Gainsborough machine at the Ceylon Tea Museum, originating from the Hantane Tea Factory, near Kandy.
* Archbishop Edward White Benson (1829-1896): Edward Benson was chancellor of Lincoln Cathedral between 1872 and 1877 and was the first bishop at Truro. In several ways he retained connections with Lincoln.
* 1910 Elections and postcards: Personal reflections in response to the article in LP&P105. Also query changes in colours traditionally associated with main political parties.
* Former skating rink in Ramsgate Road, Louth: detailed note of changes of ownership and uses since 1909, most notably as Thompson's bus coachwork builder in the 1920s.
The Grand Sluice, Boston
The sluggish river Witham and the low-lying fens caused severe drainage problems in the area around Boston. New cuts for the river and construction of the Grand Sluice on the northern edge of the town in 1766 were key eighteenth-century improvements.
John Cole, born and died in Northamptonshire, had a bookselling business in Lincoln between about 1817 and 1820 among other short-lived businesses. One of the many books he himself wrote and published was a book on the history of Lincoln, a rare copy of which has recently come to Jews’ Court. Of particular interest are the many additional, 'one-off', illustrations of local buildings and archaeological artefacts.
Elizabethan Mittens: A Royal Gift
The Museum of Lincolnshire Life holds a pair of very old mittens made of velvet and silk. The fine embroidered pattern (a white falcon on a tree trunk) on the cuffs has helped identify their date of about 1600 and suggests a connection with royalty.
Lincoln Schoolgirls Support the war effort
The termly magazine of Lincoln High School at the time of WW1 shows how staff and pupils raised money for wartime causes both at home and abroad. Part of the school grounds were also given over to growing vegetables in response to the national campaign for home grown food.
1910: Two Elections and Two Postcards
Postcards from the Boston and Louth areas indicate strong local interest in the general election of 1910, both in the images and the handwritten messages (illustrated in full alongside the article). The ins and outs of both national and local politics are briefly considered.
Natty Clayton at Play
Nathaniel Clayton, wealthy owner of one of Lincoln’s large engineering firms, bought a small country house on the Isle of Wight in 1861 and indulged his passion for yachting. Ten years later he purchased a second house – much larger – nearby. Soon afterwards he also bought a large agricultural estate at Withcall in the Lincolnshire Wolds where he brought in several technical innovations, though he probably spent little time there himself.
Obituary: Jeanne Furnival
Jeanne Furnival (1924-2016) was a longstanding member of the Sleaford Group who did valuable working transcribing and writing about Sleaford’s history of the 19th and 20th centuries.
* Photo of a large building with half-timbered front in Ramsgate Road, Louth. What was its original use?
* Verena Holmes (1889-1964): She worked at Ruston & Hornsby in LIncoln during WW1 and had a distinguished career in mechanical engineering.
* The word 'aber' was occasionally used at the beginning of a spoken sentence by a south Lincolnshire man 50+ years ago. What is the origin of this word?
* A wigwam for a goose's bridle: What is the origin of this phrase - possibly from Lincolnshire?
* Gibney Building, Lincoln: this building on Monks' Road, originally the Lincoln School of Science and Art, was built in 1885-86 with a flexible design to allow for alternative uses in the future.
A True and Unexaggerated Account (WW1 diaries) - Part 3
This is the final collection of extracts from Robert Fieldend's wartime diary - a robust and compelling account of life in the trenches in 1915. A serious facial injury sees him leave the battle front but (we are told in an end note) he recovers to lead a full and productive life until his death in 1971.
Wartime Cinema [in Lincoln]
Lincoln's three cinemas in 1916 are described and the article goes on to give details of the programme of films shown in the city that year. This includes the significant doumentary The Battle of the Somme.
Success to the Coleby Sports
Chryanthe J Marriott
The annual feast at Coleby was a large and well attended event up to the early 1900s. Here is a detailed account of feast days - the participants, the locations, the notable incidents - based on a variety of local records.
19th Century Ruffians of Ruskington
Details to follow shortly
Visiting Churches: Change and Continuity in SLHA
Details to follow shortly
Banking to end on an Historiuc Lincoln Site
Details to follow shortly
* Details to follow shortly
A True and Unexaggerated Account (WW1 diaries) - Part 2
The author's great-uncle Robert Stainton Fieldsend from Stainton le Vale joined the 5th Lincolnshire Territorial Regiment in 1915. Further vivid details of daily life for the soldiers on the Western Front.
Lincoln Gasworks in World War 1
The two gasworks in Lincoln struggled to maintain domestic and war industry supplies, especially with coal in short supply. Many gasworkers served in the war but replacement staff kept these important plants going.
Peter Efford: 'Thrice Mayor of Lincoln'
Efford (or Effard) was an important ecclesiastical lawyer and administrator in Lincoln in the early 16th century. In 1536 was closely associated the people and places involved in the Lincolnshire Rising.
A Rural Remedy for Witchcraft
A damaged piece of moulded green glass, recently found in Navenby and acquired by the Museum of Lincolnshire Life, has been identified as a witch bottle dating from the 1830s. Bottles were filled with urine and pins and then buried with the aim of nullifying the power of a witch.
Alfred George Webster (1852-1916, Artist
Webster was Lincoln School of Art's second headteacher; his paintings were frequently exhibited at the Royal Academy and a good collection are held at the Usher Gallery in Lincoln. He was a nephew of Isaac Pitman and brother-in-law to George Clausen.
It was Harder for us in the Old Days
On a summer's day in 1871 the Lincoln Architectural Society made a tour of ten churches close to the GNR Lincoln-Honington line south of Lincoln. The author muses on their long and demanding day, especially the arrangements for travel and refreshment.
2016 - Railway Anniversary
The first railway line in Lincolnshire opened between Newark and Lincoln in August 1846. It was also the year when Stamford was reached by rail and other lines were being seriously considered.
* Regulations for Binbrook Allotments (1899). A copy of 6 detailed regulations in this document.
* Lincoln Symphony Orchestra rehearsing in the Wesleyan Chapel, Clasketgate, Lincoln in c.1939. (A photograph published in LP&P102) The conductor is Gordon Slater, Cathedral Organist; also present are two relatives of Chris Hewis.
* A 1930's advertisement for Duckering's hardware shop in Monks Road, Lincoln.
* The Lincolnshire Bagpipe is mentioned in Henry IV Pt 1 and there are images of pipes in two Lincolnshire churches and the Cathedral.
A True and Unexaggerated Account (WW1 diaries)
The author's great-uncle Robert Stainton Fieldsend from Stainton le Vale joined the 5th Lincolnshire Territorial Regiment in 1915. This is a vivid account - with sketch maps - of the action in his first month of service on the Western Front.
The Two Halls of Glentworth: a Sequel
Further information about Glentworth House, built 1566 for the Wrays, and its successor, Glentworth Hall, built 1733 by the Earls of Scarbrough. This is based on the archaeological assessment by the late Tony Sumpter in 2006 and includes several previously unpublished photographs. (This supplements the author's previous articles about Glentworth's halls in LP&P 82 and 83)
The Lincolnshire Poacher - 1201
Alexander of Torksey, a minor cleric, rashly hunted in Stow Park in 1201 when King John himself was at Stow. Alexander was fined 50 marks plus his horse and greyhounds - a massive penalty, much more than expected for a minor offence of poaching or trespass.
Rainforths of Lincoln
Information about this Lincoln engineering firm's final years of business between the wars has been provided by the daughter of the last owner, Sidney Thorne (1897-1972). A detailed history of Rainforths by Adam Cartwright was published in Lincolnshire History and Archaeology 45 (2010).
Welsh Connections: Richard Charles Fenton
Fenton, son of the famed Welsh antiquarian and topographer of the same name, held the curacies at Waltham and Scartho from 1816; the parish registers record the baptisms of his 9 children. Correspondence with the Bishop of Lincoln gives intriguing details of Fenton's dispute with the curate of as neighbouring parish. He later took the living of St Leonard's South Cockerington.
The Hoyles at Heighington
Two generations of Hoyles were surgeons or medical practitioners in Heighington; both were eccentric, drank too much and fell into serious debt. Local newspapers give details of the sorry history of the family.
The Shrine of St Hugh
Bringing a Roman Bull back to Life
* John Farrow, toll bar keeper: More information about the toll bars in the Lincoln area (see LP&P99). Also comment on William Marrat of Sibsey, eminent mathematician and son-in-law of John Speed, toll bar keeper.
* C C Ellison of Bracebridge: extracts from letters in the period 1858-1866 by Revd Charles Penrose to his son in which Ellison is mentioned.
* A short poem, written by Peter Wylon in 1996, reflects on the fate of George III's bust, once on top of Dunston Pillar.
* Parson's Fortnight: several correspondents gave definitions in response to the query raised in LP&P101.
* Bricklayers' Arms: the location of the pub shown in the photo in LP&P101 is confirmed as North Somercotes
* The photograph of George Giles included in Dennis Mill's book Effluence and Influence is by H Lenthall of 222 Regent Street, London
* A photograph of an orchestra in rehearsal, probably in Lincoln during the 1930s. Where was it taken? Who are the musicians?
The Travels of our Magna Carta
The Very Revd Philip Buckler, The Dean of Lincoln
The Dean has taken Lincoln's copy of the Magna Carta to USA in the past year. This same copy, following display at the 1939 World Fair in New York, was kept safe in the US Library of Congress during WW2 and only returned to Lincoln in 1946. Over the past 40 years it has been displayed in many American cities as well as Canada, New Zealand and Australia.
Cowbit Church Clock gets a Well Deserved Revamp
A grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund enabled the turret clock in the 14th century St Mary's church in Cowbit to be restored. At the same time a church trail aimed at school children has been devised and published. The clock was built by J B Joyce, a well known clockmaker of Whitworth, Shropshire, and installed in 1907.
C C Ellison of Bracebridge (1834-1912)
Charles Ellison, younger son of Richard Ellison of Boultham Hall, served as vicar of Bracebridge following curacies in Newark and Wrawby. He became very skilful in fashioning turned ornamental objects on a lathe, was a keen horticulturalist and a competent cricketer.
The Hidden Secret of the First World War Tank
The tank exhibited at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life for over 25 years has hitherto been identified as Flirt II, a veteran of the Battle of Cambrai. Recent investigation of serial number and paint colour reveals that the tank is probably Daphne, a veteran of the Third Battle of Ypres, which was put on display in Gloucester after the war.
The Birth of the Tank
A short account of the building, testing and approval of Foster of Lincoln's 'Mother' prototype tank in 1915. Also a note about a child's model tank; the new tank sculpture on Tritton Road, Lincoln; and the 'Tank Anthem'.
* Parson's Fortnight: Does anyone know what this expression, used in Tennyson family correspondence in 1824, means?
* Lincoln Cathedral stained glass: Continuation of the discussion in LP&P 99 about the decaying Cathedral Angel Choir window in 1939 and its preservation
* Steam road roller in Sri Lanka: A contemporary photograph of a road roller which may have been made in Lincoln.
* Lincoln pawnbrokers: A request for more information about this trade which declined from 6 businesses to 2 between 1900 and 1940.
* Bricklayers' Arms, North Somercotes: A photo from 1969 and a brief recollection of the landlord and his family.
* Photographs of Lincoln's 2015 events (Barons, Steampunk festival, sand sculpture) and Boston (St Botolph's Church, Artisan Mannerism house in Wormgate)
What was the Observatory Tower at Lincoln Castle called before the observatory was built?
Where have we come from and where are we going?
The story of the Society's magazines over 170 years
The Life and Death of Dr John Willis
Lincoln Copy of the Magna Carta?
Reprint of an article by the former Lincoln Diocesan Archivist first published in The Lincolnshire Magazine in 1939
The Roman Villa at Scampton
The Shuttleworth Heirs
Apparatus for Restoring the Apparently Drowned
The Haunted House
The women's suffrage movement in Lincoln and the involvement of an able young politician, Laura Webber.
Belgian Refugees at Belton
Male Forenames on Lincolnshire WW1 Memorials
Michael Credland & David Start
What Did the Romans Ever Do for Me?
Architects and builders of Roman times spared little thought for their twentieth-century counterparts.
Toll Bar Keeper on the Lincoln to Barton Turnpike
Obituary: Rex Russell, 1916-2014
Lost and Found
Sarah Jane Wilkinson, born Barnoldby le Beck in 1864, married Herbert Cook (a metal worker) and emigrated to Australia in 1882. They settled in Rockampton (Queensland) and raised eight children, maintaining contact with their Lincolnshire relations until 1909. Searches by the writer has revealed more of their life 'down under' - Herbert died 1927, Sarah Jane 1952.
After training in the Machine Gun Corps at Belton Park, Houlden fought at the Somme and Arras, and gained the Military Medal in 1918. He was seriously wounded in September 1918 but survived to marry and lead a successful civilian life in Lincoln. He died in 1878, aged 81, one of countless men who served in WW1.
More on the Rhodes Brothers and Sleaford
In the Land of the Giants
Eagle Moor, an Industrial Hamlet
Neolithic Jadeite Axe from Potterhanworth
* Uffington Village Hall: Is this the only surviving village hall in Lincolnshire with a thatched roof (good photo shown)?
* Three 'Lancs' [Lancaster bombers] together at East Kirkby in September 2104 - an illustrated note of a memorable occasion.
* Fine photographs are shown of celebrations in Lincoln's High Street when the Royal Show came in June 1907.
* A further note about the connection between Methodists of Raithby and South Africa through Revd Barnabas Shaw (see also LP&P97)
* Query about the removal and storage of stained glass in the Cathedral during WW2. Also some fine colour photographs of 4 Cathedral windows.
Avro Lancaster Crash at Scredington, 1943
Rabbits, Sheep and Cows, and Four Farmers named John Grant
Parish Conflict (in Stow in Lindsey)
Edward Chaplin and the General Election of 1874
Jack Thornalley and his Brothers and Cousins
Sir John Franklin's Snowshoes
* Brickworks on Cross O'Cliff Hill, Lincoln
* Raithby by Spilsby and its South African Connection
* Examination questions set in 1914
* Newport Arch photograph c.1907
* Ruston-Bucyrus crane in Australia
* Making fishermen's clogs
* Restoration of Newport Arch, 1825/26
The Repair of Newport Arch, Lincoln, 1825
A handbill published in 1825 (illustrated here in full) sought public support and finance for a significant repair to the Roman arch in Lincoln. This document provides important new evidence about the state of the arch and its surroundings in the early 19th century and also lists the subscribers to the repair fund.
The Curtois Family of Branston
A succession of Curtoises, a wealthy and well-connected family, held the living at Branston for over 200 years until the 1890s. Four Curtois daughters from the rectory in the mid-19th century became, respectively, notable painters, writers, sculptors and philanthropists.
Living at Bolingbroke Castle in the Thirteenth Century
Patrick Mussett & Ian Simmonds
Castle accounts for 1275 set out both income and expenditure for the year and include detail of crops, farm animals, fish and dairy products. Special purchases of food and wine were made and alterations to the castle's fabric undertaken in preparation for the visit that year of the 24-year-old Earl of Lincoln, Henry de Lacy.
Wilderspin National School, Queen Street, Barton
It has been a long and difficult process to create a museum from this important Grade II* building, with its significant 19th century furnishings and its historic connection with Samuel Wilderspin, a pioneer of infant education. The author has been closely associated with these changes - as trustee, committee member and hands-on caretaker.
Glentworth Cliff Local Defence Volunteers
An account of the successful - and amusing - creation of a 'Black Bombard' mortar by the Home Guard unit close to RAF Hemswell. Locals still recall the individuals who formed the platoon and the inadvertent target of their missile firing - a shed in the pub car park.
Lincoln School and the 4th Northern General Hospital
Peter Harrod & Chris Williams
The newly opened Lincoln Grammar School on Wragby Road was taken over as a military hospital in 1914, with the addition of numerous wooden-built wards (with over 1100 beds) on the playing field. The school did not return to the site until 1920; the last 'hut' was removed in the 1990s. The current school archive holds detailed information about the hospital and the men who occupied it.
Late Medieval Reliquary Pendant
A small lozenge shaped pendant, made from gilded silver, has been found in Wragby. Its faces have incised designs depicting the face of Christ and the Agnus Dei, and it contained two 15th century coins.
* The Royal Agricultural Show was held on Lincoln's West Common in June 1907 and was visited by King Edward VII.
* A photograph of the main pavilion at the Royal Show, Lincoln, 1907.
A TRIBUTE TO HILARY HEALEY (1935-2013)
1 Hilary of the Fens
The wide range of Hilary's work on the archaeology of the Fens, especially on medieval salterns, is highlighted.
2 Cottages and Open Doors
Hilary was involved with the Heritage Open Days project from its inception. She had a particular enthusiasm for the vernacular buildings of the County, which she recorded in fine line drawings and photographs.
ARTICLES AND ARTWORK BY HILARY HEALEY
Hilary Healey was an accomplished artist. Many of her line drawings are reproduced in this magazine and the centre page spread shows water colour paintings of cottages in Kirkby Laythorpe and Harrison's Drove
1 The Merry Month of May (1987)
Lincolnshire has a wide range of traditions, sayings and customs relating to May, several, inevitably, concerned with the weather, and other to do with romance, framing and food.
2 The Pottery Industry of Bourne
This small Lincolnshire town, between the Fens and Limestone Uplands, was a centre for pottery making in Roman times. A wide range of pots and bowls - and pottery kilns - from the Medieval and Post-medieval periods have also been discovered in the town. (Accompanied by Hilary's sketches.)
3 Food Recollections during the War
A personal account of meals at home in the Vicarage in Nocton and away at a Staffordshire boarding school. Foods vividly brought to mind include bottled fruit and vegetables, pork products, bread and dripping, cocoa and dried egg - and of course the use of ration books.
4 A Marsh for All Seasons (1998)
A short but sensitive portrait of the Lincolnshire Marsh - the landscape and wildlife.
5 Medieval Saltmaking
An extract from The Archaeology of Quadring which explains the process and describes the excavated sites in the area.
6 Recollections of the City and County Museum (2005)
An insight into the artefacts and displays of the former museum in Greyfriars, Lincoln. Museum keepers, assistants and archaeologists from the 1950s and 60s are recalled.
Lincoln on the Eve of War
Andrew J H Jackson
Bernard Gilbert, born at Billinghay in 1882, wrote a series of 19 articles for the Lincolnshire Echo from January 1914. These evocative pieces commented on the contemporary Lincoln scene from horse racing to the new library, from the dominating engineering works of the City to the impending war. The articles were later published as a collection.
Obituary: Brian Dawson (1939-2013)
Brian was a much-loved traditional singer and song collector who took Lincolnshire music and culture to festivals across the country. He gave hundreds of performances in Lincolnshire halls and clubs. (A copy of Fiddlers Green, a folk song by Tom Connelly and sung by Brian Dawson is printed after Tom Lane's warm tribute.)
Treasures of The Collection
A medieval pendant made from a Gaulish Iron Age silver coin was found by a metal detectorist in Horncastle in 2012. It had been made into the item of jewellery in the 6th or 7th century with gilding and the added decoration of green glass and a garnet.
* A photograph of an unknown event, possibly associated with Horncastle. Can anyone identify the locatlon and suggest what the celebration was?
* An envelope, dated 1819 and sent by J Gordon, bears a free franking mark. What was Gordon's status? Free mail could be sent by MPs, bishops and some other important office holders.
* A brick chimney, now capped, stands close to the former brickworks near the foot of Cross O'Cliff Hill, Lincoln. It apeears not to relate to the brickworks buildings shown on the OS map of 1920.
The Lady and the Engine Driver
The story of a titled lady who pursuaded an attractive young engine driver to teach her how to drive a steam locomotive on the Lincoln to Barnetby line in the 1870s is well known. The author re-examines Alfred Bennett's tale (in The Chronicles of Boulton's Siding) and finds evidence to suggest that it was actually based on the Lincoln to Louth line via Bardney.
Getting into the Navy in 1952
Undertaking National Service in the Royal Navy was relatively rare, but the author gained admission to the RNVR on the strength of his willingness, as a school leaver with A Levels in French and Latin, to learn Russian. Following thorough checks and tests, two years of service - briefly described here - were spent at various places in Western Europe.
The Redbourn Garden Village Trust
Housing developments in the Frodingham area of Scunthorpe were funded by the major iron and steel companies of the town. Small, closely packed terrace houses were built by Rowland Winn in the late 19th century; shortly after the First World War the more spacious and attractive garden village was developed by the Redbourn Hill Ironworks Trust.
St Catherine's Church, Lincoln: A Site of Historical Importance
A brief history of the site, starting with its 12th century origins as a Gilbertine Priory, its role in Queen Eleanor's protracted funeral procession, its transmogrification to a Methodist Church, and finally as a Heritage and Cultural Centre.
Public Libraries in Sleaford
An account of the attempts by the philanthropic men of Sleaford to raise the aspirations of working men from cribbage, billiards and whist to the more intellectual pursuits offered by public lectures and a library.
An Anglo Saxon Runic Inscription
Antony Lee (The Collection)
A pair of damaged gilded silver tweezers (or candle snuffers?) from the Anglo Saxon period, recently unearthed at Barkston, carry a runic inscription thought to be from an Old English poem dating from between AD725 and AD825.
Obituary: Joan Thirsk
A brief personal tribute by Dennis Mills to this hugely influential economic historian who died in October 2013. She was general editor of the early volumes of the History of Lincolnshire series and author of Peasant Farming
* The competition to compose a letter that might have been written by Richard Ellison (see LP&P 93) was won by Brian Thornalley. The text of the letter actually written by Ellison is given.
* Location of a roadside water hydrant at Croxton Kerrial (just over the county boundary in Leicestershire) is given (SK 833290)
Peopling a Village: Bigby in the 19th Century
An overview of the chief elements of the population of the rural parish of Bigby, on the wolds close to Brigg, and how they fared during the economic upheavals of the 19th century
Kathleen Doris Johnson, MBE - An Obituary
A knowledgable and keen participant in SLHA events, and with a wide range of other cultural and historical interests, Kathleen Johnson died at the end of July 2013
A Tailor's Victory
Arthur Taylor, a Lincoln tailor, became the first Labour Member of Parliament for Lincoln in 1924 by a slender margin. This article examines both the national and local contexts in which he achieved this remarkable result.
Tom Otter - Fact or Folklore
The tale of a man who murdered his pregnant wife on their wedding night in 1805 is well known, but is much embellished. Original documents and newspaper reports help to distinguish truth from folklore.
An Awkward Letter
Three upper class familes (Ellison of Lincoln, Wise or Wyse of Devon and Hele of Bedfordshire) become connected by marriage. The suicide through prussic acid poisoning of maltreated Jane Wyse in 1851 creates a crisis; how will Richard Ellison write to cancel an invitation to Jane's guardians?
Cecil Rhodes Plays Cricket at Sleaford
Cecil Rhodes and his brother Frank regularly visited their aunt Sophia Peacock, who lived in the Manor House, Sleaford. Newspaper reports in the 1860s and 70s record many appearances on the cricket field and make occasional reference to other activities of Rhodes in the Sleaford area.
To a Land Beyond the Seas
Between 1786 and 1851, 135 Lincolnshire women were convicted and transported. Ann Harrad, common wife of a Boston surgeon was found guilty in 1834 of receiving stolen sovereigns and was transported for 14 years to New South Wales.
- Roadside Water Supply: several stand pipes have been located in rural locations beside the road where farm water carts would have been filled
- A bronze boar figurine, 37mm long, from Great Sturton has recently been acquired by The Collection in Lincoln. Its significance is discussed.
- The Pelican is the name of a former public house in Dembleby and the name survives; coincidentally the pelican features in the coat of arms of the Pell family, once lords of the manor of the village.
- Two buildings in Sleaford by Kirk and Parry carry an image of the wyvern. The origin may be the coat of arms of Leicester, birthplace of Charles Kirk.
Hilary Healey (1935-2013) - Obituary
Hilary was an art teacher who switched to a career in archaeology, making a wide and lasting impact on the Lincolnshire scene. She played many active roles within SLHA, notably as editor of Lincolnshire Past & Present.
Nurse's Cottage, Branston
A stone cottage close to the church in Branston was home to the local nurse for the first half of the 20th century. Intriguingly, the two-storey wing of the building was described as the "common hall" in 17th and 18th century documents. Are such halls found elsewhere? What was its function?
Getting out of the Army 200 Years Ago
A tenant farmer's son from Skellingthorpe gained release from the army in 1813 through a lengthy sequence of contacts, each coming closer to the Adjutant-General himself who alone could make the decision.
Scarlet Fever Devastates Tealby
During the Summer months of 1841 nineteen young people - mainly aged 5 or under - died of scarlet fever in the small Wolds village of Tealby. Typhus fever also struck, and some of the tragic personal stories of the village families are told here.
Celebrating Grantham's Heritage Again
A second article (see LP&P 87) celebrating eminent personalities connected with the town: Augusta Montanari (1818-64, doll maker); Charles Dickens (resident at the George Hotel while writing Nicholas Nickleby); Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727, who attended King's School); William Wand (1885-1977, Bishop of London).
Newland House (Lincoln)
The main offices of Lincolnshire County Council on Newland, built in 1932 for Lindsey County Council, incorporate part of a substantial early nineteenth century house. Its location in the northern of two courtyards hide it from public view.
The Sleaford Family of North Lincolnshire
Based largely on family sources, the writer uncovers the lives of recent Sleaford ancestors in Glentworth, Caenby, Owmby, Spital in the Street, Glentham, Fillingham and South Scarle (much further afield). It is a story of ups and downs of small farmers.
Ermine (Lincoln) Estate's Community Newspaper, 1957-1965
Ermine News, though a locally produced community monthly magazine, set a very high standard in design and content. It was printed by the parish church and editied by the incumbent, Rev John Hodgkinson. It is a valuable source of information about community life on an urban council estate 50 years ago. Much of the 9-year run of issues is accessible through the St John's website.
- A Ruston Proctor stationary steam engine featured in the recent centenary celebrations in Paraguay.
- Photographs of of several Lincoln locations - principally water features - at the time of the typhoid outbreak in 1904/05.
- Poem (Welcome to the Fens) and drawings by the late Hilary Healey.
- A medieval silver coin, found at Rauceby in 2010, is the first recorded example in Britain of the conversion of a foreign coin into jewellery. Loop and catch plate have been fixed to one side and there is evidence that the coin was also gilded.
- Brief note and photographs of the European Stone Festival which took place on the East Green, Lincoln Cathedral, in June.
- Recent archaeological work at Lincoln Castle - including Roman finds - is being featured in the Channel 4 Time Team programme.
A Lincolnshire Waterfall?
An artifically created complex of lakes based on the Cringle Brook close to Stoke Rochford Hall includes a cascade or waterfall about 3 metres in height. This feature only appears after heavy rain and when the water table is high. The top pond above the fall was originally created as a source of water to be pumped by hydraulic ram to the Hall's garden and the village of Stoke Rochford.
Enforcing Speed Limits on the Witham, 1828-29
Widening and deepening the Witham south-east of Lincoln in the 1820s caused temporary difficulties to the three steam packet owners offering transport on the river. These were compounded when a superior vessel, working from Boston, provided competition. Then, with the work complete, the Navigation Company imposed speed limits and the passenger trade on the river was altered once more.
War Ags in Lincolnshire
Two local examples are given of the control exercised over farm crops by the War Agricultural Executive Committees during and immediately following the Second World War.
1836: A Terrible Year for Tealby
In the course of a single year this small and picturesque village in the Wolds suffered a serious fire which destroyed a wheelwright's house and workshop; an unusual drunken disturbance; and an epidemic of smallpox affecting many families.
The Witham Shield: An Icon Returns to Lincoln
Under national Spotlight Loan funding The Collection in Lincoln has been exhibiting the Witham Shield, a superbly decorated item from the 3rd century BC which was dredged from the Witham in 1826. It is the bronze facing of a shield and was probably made for ceremony or display; maybe it was associated with the other spectacular finds at the timber causeway at Fiskerton.
St Anne's: Medieval Bedehouse or Contemporary Almshouse?
Almshouses for 13 females were built on the then north-east edge of Lincoln in 1847-48 to designs by Pugin; Butterfield was architect for a chapel built six years later. This article looks closely at the architectural features of the buildings and the way the institution was run, making useful comparisons with other English almshouses.
The Ambitions of William Haddon Owen (1854-1924) of Louth
This son of a Lincolnshire rector became a successful solicitor in Louth, a business entrepreneur and an active Conservative politician.
- A transcription of the message on the reverse of the farmyard post card illustrated in LP&P No.90.
- The broken stem of a clay pipe found in Saxilby bears the maker's mark "D.G.". Who was this and where did he come from? asks Chris Hewis.
- A photograph supplied by Derek Broughton shows a Ruston-Bucyrus dragline working in front of a large country house which has so far been unidentified.
- Wallace Collyer points out that the steelwork of the Jodrell Bank telescope was rolled at the Appleby-Frodingham Steel Company and then fabricated on the same site in Scunthorpe by the United Steel Structural Company.
- Erik Grigg is trying to trace Samuel Samuels of Lincoln, a collector of antiquities in the late eighteenth century.
- The High Bridge Cafe in Lincoln was restored in 1902. Joan Smith draws attention to the heads of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, carved in wood, which are displayed at upper storey level.
Transportation of Grain
Before the operation of modern bulk transport, sacks were used for carrying corn from farm to merchant and market. Distinctive measures of weights and volume were used. Hiring sacks was a complex and sometimes difficult operation, as the author knows from long personal experience.
The Decline and Fall of Clayton and Shuttleworth (Part 2)
Of two early twentieth century continental agents for the Lincoln firm, one, Zettelmeyer of Konz in Alsace-Lorraine, made a successful transition into a 100% German firm producing road rollers (1930s) and other machinery (after WW2). The other, Helfferich-Sadet of Kharkov, failed in the 1920s, despite C&S investment and energetic leadership from Charles Blakey, a Lincoln man.
Bill Blakey: A Life Cut Short
Blakey, a farm foreman from Thornton near Horncastle, was recruited to the Lincolnshire Regiment in 1916. He served first in Gallipoli and then in the Somme where he was killed on 27 November 1916. Blakey was awarded the Victory Medal and the British War Medal, but his career was undistinguished, just one of thousands who played their part and paid the ultimate price.
Laura Havercroft, a farmer’s daughter, worked as maidservant first at Northorpe Vicarage and then at a steelworks director’s house in Scunthorpe. Further work in the town led to a waitress’s post before her marriage and full-time commitment to a wife and mother’s role.
- Two libraries were built in Scunthorpe with the aid of Carnegie grants, writes David Lambourne. The one in Ashby (1906) survives as a fitness centre; the other in Scunthorpe (1902) was demolished in 1985.
- The Story of the Stones highlights the exhibition at St Lawrence Church Bardney of sculpted stones recently excavated from local Abbey site.
- Hilary Healey provides an undated postcard (shown here) with farmyard illustration and cryptic message referring to Nettleham and Bicker.
- Lincolnshire War Memorials: Gary Taylor summarises the range of memorials found across the county.
- Wellingore Footpath: Patient field investigation allowed Chris Padley to identify the location of an old photograph. He found that the postcard had been printed from the wrong side of the negative!
- An aerial view shows that Grange Crescent (off Hykeham Road, Lincoln) has the shape of the tank which originated in the City during WW1.
- Croft Meadow is the title of a postcard image, but is this a Lincolnshire scene?
- The Lamplighter is a 25-year-old account by Norman Clarke of the evening street scene in Rasen Lane, Lincoln, in the 1920s.
- Improvements in Sleaford in the 1830s: Michael Turland has used newspaper sources through the British Library website to discover that local contractors Charles and William Kirk paved the Sleaford’s streets in the 1830s. The work was initiated by Preston, surveyor of the turnpike trusts, on behalf of the Vestry.
- Robey’s and RAF Fylingdale: Adrian Bailey speculates that the bearings at this redundant site were made by Robey’s of Lincoln, as were similar ones at Jodrell Bank.
- Willingham Roadman’s Hut: The small ruined brick building which survives close to the road between North Willingham and Market Rasen was erected as a shelter and store for the local roadman (daily maintenance) by Miss Boucherett of Williungham Hall (writes Chris Padley).
- Short Ferry: Sally Scott provides detailed historical background to the location, its inn and farm.
- Bronze Age Penannular Ring: Antony Lee describes a recent addition to the Collection; it is of gold/silver alloy and was found by a metal detectorist at Welton, only the second of its kind in the county.
- Details of the family and career of Page Woodcock (of wind pill making fame) are set out by descendant Ray Woodcock.
The Decline and Fall of Clayton & Shuttleworth
The firm’s threshing machines and portable steam (traction) engines, in particular, were hugely successful before the First World War but, as an analysis of the sales records of the company makes clear, the failure to change the product range and reach new markets led to a collapse of the company in the 1920s.
Jodrell Bank and Robey’s
It is not widely known that the dish tilting gearing for the huge Jodrell Bank telescope - previously used for the operation of gun turrets on a battleship - was made by Robey’s. The Lincoln company also made the telescope’s roller bearings, the largest in the world at the time of its construction in 1957.
150 Years of History: The Lincolnshire Co-operative Society
The society’s records are now digitised and accessible through its website. Beginning in 1861, detailed balance sheets, members’ magazines, advertisements and annual reports can be examined.
Life in Lincoln during the Depression
An analysis of census information, newspaper articles, council reports and personal reminiscences builds up an understanding of daily life in Lincoln during the 1920s and 30s.
Samuel Thornalley: From First to Last
The writer chooses the family name 'Samuel' as the common thread linking characters and episodes from his family’s history.
Lincolnshire and the FA Challenge Cup
A detailed analysis of the records of Lincolnshire clubs - small and large - in the FA Cup, starting from the 4th qualifying round.
- Stamford library: a note about the construction and funding of a Carnegie library (fifth of a series of articles by David Lambourne
- A steam road roller by Marshall’s of Gainsborough has been spotted in a small museum in Sri Lanka
- A 1947 newspaper report describes a pair of fustian trousers made in Swaby in 1840 and still being worn
- Photograph of the rock garden at Lincoln Bracebridge Gasworks at a special opening event in 1938 (see Magazine Issue No.88)
- A brief tribute to Jessie Boucherett (1825-1905) of North Willingham, who played a leading role in movements for women’s suffrage and employment
- Personal recollections of the landscaping work in North Hykeham’s village green in the 1950s to 70s which resulted in the ‘humps and bumps’ seen today (see Magazine Issue No.88)
- The Portrait of Isabella Carre (see Magazine Issue No.87) has been identified as the work of Sir Arthur Stockdale RA (1857-1940)
- Information is sought about the origins of Short Ferry on the Witham between Fiskerton and Bardney
Ken Redmore & Chris Lester
July 2012 sees the fiftieth anniversary of the first experimental communications satellite, Telstar, which successfully transmitted analogue visual information across the Atlantic. Charles Booth (1900-75), educated in Lincoln and one time Ruston & Hornsby apprentice, was head of the British technical team which worked with the French and Americans on this ground-breaking project.
Fields, Castles, Colleges and Changing Land Use in Tattershall
Excavations in 2011 at Blacksmith’s Corner, a small site close to the Market place in Tattershall, revealed Roman occupation (field markings, greyware) and activity throughout the medieval period (pits, postholes, bricks, tiles, iron objects). By coincidence there is early association with a smithy.
A Polymath of Boston: W H Wheeler, Engineer, Architect, Author
Wheeler was responsible for the People’s Park (1871, the first such in Lincolnshire), the General Hospital (1874) and the Docks (opened 1884). He was also architect for work in local schools and churches, but he is best known as an authority on fenland drainage. His notable book A History of the Fens of South Lincolnshire (1868) has been re-published in recent years.
The History of a Road: A57 Lincoln to Dunham Bridge
The road running west from Lincoln, alongside canal and railway for some of its route, became an important turnpike in the 18th century and remains an important route today. Tollbars and bridges – especially at Saxilby – are examined.
From Chaos to Beauty [The Garden at Lincoln Gasworks]
In 1933 an extension to the City of Lincoln Gasworks in Bracebridge were accompanied by a large and imaginative scheme of landscaping and planting around the gasholders, devised by the City’s Allotments Superintendent. The Lincolnshire Echo gives full details.
- The library at Boston, completed in 1904, was built as part of a block of municipal buildings which also included the mayor’s office, school of art, police and fire stations. Andrew Carnegie contributed £500 towards this.
- The Market Rasen Roman Catholic Register provides important information about the prominent recusant Young family of West Rasen and Kingerby in the 18th century.
- Two contributors reach the same conclusion: the Red Lion pub referred to in (Magazine Issue No.87) located at Stickford (despite significant changes to the building).
- Annie Beevers (from LP&P Editor Ros Beevers’ family) was the midwife who delivered Queen Elizabeth II in 1926. Information is sought about Annie’s husband Edwin, who died in a rugby accident in 1890.
- A photograph of Upton vicarage is shown - but is this a Lincolnshire Upton?
- Two recent acquisitions at The Collection (Lincoln's museum for art and archaeology): a gold Romano-British bracelet terminal with snake motif found at Marton, and a Chinese 'Hell' banknote issued for burning in a funeral pyre to ensure a well-resourced after-life.
- A copy of a beacon symbol from a 16th century map of Holbeach Marsh thought to be related to preparations for the Armada.
A Portrait of Isabella Carre
The attractive portrait (copied on the magazine cover, left) which has hung in Carre's Grammar School in Sleaford since 1904 is the subject of a detailed investigation into the archives of the Herveys (later Earls of Bristol) at Ickworth House in Suffolk, and requires reference to the National Portrait Gallery. However, despite the family links to several artists of the early eighteenth century, the portrait in Sleaford is thought to be a modern copy.
A Middle-Class Honeymoon of 1827
R C Wheeler
The diary of a young bride from Lincoln gives intriguing details of a journey on honeymoon to Liverpool. Several country houses are noted; dioramas and other entertainments are enjoyed; a few purchases are also made.
Heighington's War Memorial
A clock commemorating the villagers who served in the Great War was erected on the tower of Heighington's Endowed School in 1924. This was not the original preference of the majority and it remains uncertain why this choice was made and how the work was funded.
Celebrating Grantham's Heritage
Four blue plaques have recently been unveiled in Grantham: Captain Albert Ball, WW1 fighter pilot; Joseph Tombs VC; Thomas Paine, political writer; Lance Corporal Walter Parker, Gallipoli Campaign stretcher bearer. Three further plaques will be unveiled in 2013.
The Mere 'Y' Station
One of the earliest listening stations set up by the RAF before the Second World War was at Mere, just beyond the eastern perimeter of Waddington's airfield. During the war messages received here were taken first to Cheadle and later to Bletchley for analysis. It continued to operate into the 1950s and some buildings of this later period survive on private land.
Killingholme Flying Boat Jetty
During the First World War the Royal Naval Air Service operated flying boats and seaplanes from a base at Killingholme, just north of Immingham. Their important task was to patrol a large area of the North Sea looking for U-boats and Zeppelins. Remains of one of the three jetties can still be seen.
Lock, Stock and Barrel: Moving Farms in 1915
In March 1915 the Havercroft family moved from their farm In Goxhill to Glentworth, a distance of 33 miles. On a two-day trek across the Wolds they herded cows and sheep, and used the farm horses to pull heavily laden wagons and the precious reaper-binder. Two years later, as anticipated, they were able to buy their new holding, Low Farm Glentworth, from the Earl of Scarbrough and all the effort was considered worthwhile.
In his novel Nicholas Nickleby Dickens describes a wintertime coach journey along the Great North Road. The coach stops briefly at The George in Grantham and then, late in the evening, it overturns in the snow before reaching Newark. Details of the story make it difficult to locate this spot and its nearby inn with any certainty, but it may well be that Dickens had Foston or Long Bennington in mind.
Highlights of The Collection
In 2007 a metal detectorist uncovered a Roman knife handle at Syston, near Grantham. It is made of copper alloy and has a remarkable open-work design depicting three interacting figures in erotic poses. It is a very unusual example and the exact meaning of the imagery is a mystery.
Lincolnshire's Carnegie Libraries: Lincoln Central Library
The City's first public library was in Silver Street. The present one, designed by Sir Reginald Blomfield, was funded largely by Andrew Carnegie.
- A challenge to identify a ruined Lincolnshire country house from a photograph taken in the 1960s.
- An Old Wives' Tale: spreading conkers around the house keeps spiders away.
- The bus shown in the photograph accompanying the article about James Foster (No.86 Winter 2011-12) is identified as a Straker-Squire of 1921-22.
- A photograph shows innkeeper William Seward and his wife outside the Red Lion Inn, which is possibly in the Mablethorpe area, but where exactly?
- A mystery picture shows a large walled garden with a tower (dovecot?) behind.
A History of the Public Houses in Market Rasen
This illustrated account gives details of the principal pubs in the town, including their origins and history. Directories and a range of other local sources are extensively used.
'Gormless', the Farmers' Boy
James R Foster
James A Foster (1899-1972), forbear of the writer, was a bus driver in the Scunthorpe area. Although a Yorkshireman by birth, he became well-known in Lincolnshire church halls and theatres for his humorous monologues in Lincolnshire dialect which he delivered in the guise of a simple farmworker.
Eamon de Valera's Daring Escape from Lincoln Prison
De Valera, leading dissident Irish Republican, was arrested in 1918 and imprisoned at Lincoln. His subsequent escape, organised by fellow IRA members, reveals the incredible ineptitude of the prison staff.
William Bedford (1782-1841)
The remarkable story of a Lincoln tailor who, through diligent study and discussion at the Lincoln Mechanics Institution, eventually became a member of the British Asasociation for the Advancement of Science and in 1841 delivered a lecture to the Lincolnshire Topographical Scoiety on the geology of Lincoln.
Stones and Moats: Medieval Remains in Scredington
The likely origins and significance of two walls - south of the churchyard and as part of a farm house - are discussed, together with the five reputed moats in the village.
Highlights of The Collection
Description and illustrations of two elegant items of jewellery: a Roman ring (discovered at Revesby) and an Anglo-Saxon pendant (Horncastle, 2003).
Grantham Library: a Carnegie Library
This fine building, latterly the town museum, was opened in 1926. The campaign to have it built was very protracted: for years the townspeople opposed the extra penny on the rates, despite the generous capital funding offered by the Carnegie Trust.
Spilsby St James: the Church and its Family Connections
This church, with its sixteenth century tower and Victorian nave and chancel, contains remarkable monuments to the Willoughby family who occupied nearby Eresby House (demolished by fire in 1769) before moving to Grimsthorpe in the south of the county. The explorer Sir John Franklin, native of the town, is also commemorated.
St. James Church Spilsby
Skendleby Psalter - Medieval Deer Park?
Ian Simmons & Patrick Mussett
The late Arthur Owen held the view that this feature between the parishes of Skendleby and Claxby near Alford was originally a deer leap or salter (sic). The local topography, especially the stategically placed woods, supports this supposition.
The Ether: an Early Encounter with the Wireless
Amusing and informative memories around the introduction of wireless in the home, with its new vocabulary (leaking signals, juice, low tension) and mysterious equipment (crystals, cat's whiskers, condensers) which intrigued the writer in his youth.
Lincolnshire Roads and Road Signs
This is an introduction to the complex changes in road classification and signage introduced in the 1920s. Progress under the three Lincolnshire highway authorities is examined, with some useful supporting photographs.
New Acquisitions at The Collection
Lincoln's fine museum of art and archaeology has recently acquired three exceptional gold coins from the Roman period AD 378 to 392. Another significant new arrival is a bronze boar statuette, dating from 100BC to 100AD, and found at Rothwell
- Gainsborough Library, opened in 1905, is one of several in Lincolnshire sponsored by Andrew Carnegie (£4000, in this case).
- Caroline Martin: Further infornation about this pioneering woman, who featured in a recent conference at the University of Lincoln.
Also see Magazine Issues No.67 (Spring 2007) and No.72 (Summer 2008)
- Recollections of growing up in the Louth area in the 1950s. David Vinter lived at Dog Kennel Farm, Hubbard's Hills, before moving to Cadney, near Brigg.
- An illustration of "a fen kitchen in olden days" from a Boston cookery book.
- Evidence that St Hugh's Well at Jews' Court was in fact dug in 1911 by the building's new owner.
- The illustration featured in Magazine Issue No.83 (Spring 2011) probably shows an overturned Leyland bus (N type) in 1922. But who was the operator of Service 8?
- Emily Langton Massingberd (1847-97) of Gunby Hall, remarkable feminist and temperance campaigner, bought The Massingberd Arms at Burgh le Marsh and turned it into a "dry" hostel.
- More information about Dernstall House or "The Dunston Lock" at the top of High Street, Lincoln.
See Magazine Issue No.84 (Summer 2011)
- An unusual headstone carving from south Lincolnshire is illustrated. What biblical or allegorical scene does this represent?
Girls and Swimming: Lincoln and beyond, 1918-1945
An exploration of the beginnings of organised provision for swimming in the city; and a useful comparison with the national picture. Lincoln had two specially constructed open air baths or lidos, as well at least two dedicated places on the Witham. The slow introduction of mixed bathing provides an interesting theme.
Gainsborough 'Biffs': the Bristol F2B fighter made by Marshalls
Marshalls, Gainsborough's huge engineering firm, used one of their sites to build what was probably the most successful fighter plane of the First World War. This illustrated account highlights the significance of this work, describes the site and follows its subsequent history.
Memories of Louth in 1947
Vivid recollections include the exceptional snowfall, primary school, Louth swimming pool, school dentist, 1947 Royal Show, the East Coast railway.
A First County Cricket Championship
The story of Lincolnshire County Cricket Club's most successful period - 1966 - when they became Minor County Champions for the first time.
- Brayford Wharf East: a copy of a 1935 illustration shows commercial properties (identified); this is contrasted with today's view.
- Part of the original lettering on the face of the Great Central Warehouse near Brayford has been lost. Does anyone have a photo showing the full inscription?
- Details of a framed presentation from the Wraggoe Branch of the Girls' Friendly Society to Florence Giles (a member) on her marriage to Walter Rutland on 25 May 1910.
- Discussion of the origins of the name Dunston (or Dernstall) Lock between top of High Street and The Strait in Lincoln.
- A letter from Joan Gibbons to Terence Leach in 1969 about bricks made in Dunholme and in neighbouring areas.
- A brief note (1777) about Lord Clinton's house near Market Deeping.
- Rules of the Lincolnshire Topographical Society, 1841. Also details of the programme of lectures and a document about the foundation of the Gild of Corpus Christi in the parish of St Michael on the Hill.
- Report from the Jewish Chronicle of a visit to Lincoln by the Jewish Historical Society in 1934.
- The legend of Little St Hugh and the possible association with Jews' Court.
- The Coningsby, Tattershall & District History Society celebrate 60 years of activity.
- Timber for the church of St James at Louth came from Louth Park (2 yews) and Thorpe Hall (2 ashes).
See Magazine Issue No. 83 (Spring 2011)
The Steel Family of Alford during the 19th Century
A picture is painted of a small Lincolnshire market town and, through the close examination of census and parish records, the births, marriages, deaths, occupations and dwellings of the Steels are presented.
The Two Glentworth Halls: Part 2 (The Earls of Scarbrough Mansion 1753)
The hall built in 1753 differed markedly from the deposited plans (in the John Soane archive). The subsequent development, ownership and decay of the building up to 2008 are outlined.
The Gwynne's Pumps at Wiggenhall St Germans
The pumping station, constructed in 1934 a few miles south of Kings Lynn, was once the largest of its type in the country. It delivered up to 4000 tonnes of water per minute using four pumps manufactured by Gwynne of Lincoln. This is a brief report (with photographs) of a survey by SLHA Industrial Archaeology Team shortly before the demolition of the building.
Lost Roads of Lincoln
Evidence is marshalled from present road layouts, property and parish boundaries to propose Roman and Medieval roads which would have offered oblique and gently graded routes between the lower and upper areas of the city.
The Chapman Family and the Building of St James's Church, Louth
A fifteenth century document states that Chapman de Louth built the parish church. This article details the origins and movement of the family in the Louth area and elsewhere in Lincolnshire.
70 Years of Waiting: Sneath's Mill, Lutton Gowts
Built in 1779 and working until the 1930s, this remarkable brick-built mill, with its octagonal plan, remembles a smock mill. Work is now underway to secure its future.
- A Blue Plaque has been placed on the home of Lincolnshire antiquarian William Stukeley in Stamford.
- Query raised about the origin of the stone arch with Romanesque decoration in the late-nineteenth century brick-built Girls' High School (now part of Lincoln University) on Lindum Hill. Also information is sought about the gateway with pointed arch close by on Greestone Stairs.
- There is a Midland Railway WW1 memorial tablet re-erected at Lincoln Central Station, but there does not appear to be a similar memorial to GNR employees.
- A new School of Engineering opens at the University of Lincoln later in 2011. This important initiative has been taken in partnership with Siemens Industrial Turbomachinery, who themselves are about to open new works in North Hykeham.
- Further information, including a photograph, is given about Weavers Cottage close to the A52 in Heydour parish. It was demolished in the 1950s or 60s.
- More information is provided about Bishop Richard Fox (of Exeter) and the funding of the porch at Ropsley Church in 1483.
- Charles, brother of the well known Lincoln mathematician George Boole was manager at Kirk and Parry's flour mill in Sleaford. Charles Kirk studied under George Boole in Lincoln.
- An overturned bus on the way to the County Show at Skegness is depicted in a post-card (reproduced here). What happened, when and where?
- A further note about negroes in the eighteenth century, especially in the Boston area.
- A brief, colourful account of shopping in the Second World War: the grocer, butcher, baker, ironmonger, stationer and hairdresser.
- The outstanding memorials to the St Paul family in Snarford Church are described. Of the many photographs several are reproduced in colour on the front and back covers of the magazine.
- An account of the recent celebrations for the eightieth birthday of Dr Dennis Mills, highly regarded local author and academic. A festscrift - a collection of essays about Lincoln and area - was presented to him.
George Boole: a short tour of his Lincoln
George Boole (1815-1864), born in Lincoln, was largely self-taught but developed a system of mathematics which underlies the logical process behind every one of today's computers. He taught at schools in and around Lincoln for several years before becoming a professor at the university in Cork, Ireland.
Racing at Lincoln
This is the story of the historic racecourse on Lincoln's West Common during the twentieth century, with particular reference to the Lincolnshire Handicap, the first race of the flat racing season. It was the Horseracing Betting Levy Board's decision - not the City Council's - which led to the abrupt closure of the course in 1964. In compensation the course at Market Rasen received much stronger support and was allowed to expand its activities.
The Two Halls of Glentworth
From the 16th to the 19th centuries Glentworth was the parish in which first the Wrays and then the Scarbroughs (both eminent families) built their fine country houses. This article builds on the work of Terence Leach published in his book Lincolnshire Country Houses and their Families, Volume 1.
Mary Jane Lovell
An outline of the life of a former African missionary (born 1848 in Stickney) who later worked with blind girls in Jerusalem and Bethlehem. It was through her initiative and hard work that the Lovell homes were established in Palestine and are still highly regarded today.
- Memories of winter at school in Lincolnshire from David Vinter.
- Stephen Roberts provides comments on a cartoon of Colonel Charles de Laet Sibthorp (1783-1855) - reproduced here.
- Photographs of the former Mawer & Collingham store (now House of Fraser) before and after 1960s' curtain walling.
- Black people in Boston (Magazine Issue No.81 Autumn 2010): Alison Lord queries whether the 18th century references may have actually been to swarthy individuals, not negroes.
- Beryl Jackson cites several instances of inaccurate and unreliable information about Sutton Bridge printed in 19th century trade directories.
- Brief notes and photographs about Ropsley St Peter and Oxcombe All Saints provided by John Almond.
The Solomons: a 17th Century Yeoman Family
Celia & Norman Whiting
With the aid of church records, wills and inventories the family is traced from the village of Pickworth and the life of its members is pieced together. It is a story of improving fortune culminating in the business success of Michael Solomon (1663-1704) who made a substantial bequest in Grantham.
The Grimsby Ice Factory: Threat of Demolition
Neil Everitt et al
The Grimsby Ice Factory was built in 1900 and is the only remaining building of its type in the country. The Grade II* listed structure still contains early 20th century refrigeration equipment, whose operation are described and illustrated. It had a crucial role to play in Grimsby's once huge fishing industry but its future is uncertain.
Rex Russell Honoured with National Achievement Award
The British Association for Local History made a special award this year to Rex Russell for his vast contribution to local history both as a tutor and writer. This brief account of Rex's life and work is illustrated by photographs of the presentation ceremony in Nettleton.
Lincoln's Lost Sewerage Petition Rediscovered
The method of disposing of Lincoln's sewage was hotly debated in 1874. A list of 205 names recently "discovered" by the writer in Lincolnshire Archives is probably one of several petitions submitted to the Local Government Act Office. The full list is appended.
- Richard Lucas recalls early memories of Steve Race in the St Catherine's area of Lincoln. The two families were neighbours.
- Goxhill had a four-field system before enclosure in 1775. Maurice Brawn presents extracts from the memorandum book of local farmer, Thomas Hardy, which describes cropping and other aspects.
- Rod Ambler is seeking information about Weavers Lodge, Heydour. (A fine photograph is shown).
- The former Mawer & Collingham (subsequently Binns, then House of Fraser) store in Lincoln's High Street was founded in 1810. A paper bag with the M&C name and image on has recently been found.
- Neil Wright notes the appearance of black people in Boston. Firstly, George Driver, a negro sailor, married a Boston woman in 1784. Secondly, George Starr was arrested on suspicion of stealing a mare in 1790.
- The church of St Andrew at Irnham is described and illustrated by John Almond.
- David Winter recalls autumn sights and sounds in the countryside in the north-east of the county.
Early Football in Lincolnshire
The Lincolnshire FA was set up in 1881. This article deals with the early history of the county association - its leagues and cup competitions - and the principal town clubs. Lincolnshire clubs were also involved in the regional Football Alliance and the FA Cup from the 1870s.
A History of the World: a BBC and Museum Partnership
The Collection, Lincoln's principal museum, is working with the British Museum and the BBC to celebrate objects with a story to tell. These include: snow shoes used by the Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin of Spilsby; a Roman tombstone from Lincoln; a painting by Tom Warrener of Lincoln; an 11th century seal matrix; a medieval wool weight; the Balaclava Bugle from the Crimean War; and an alms badge from Revesby. Items from other Lincolnshire museums are: WWI tank (Museum of Lincolnshire Life); Lancaster bomber (Battle of Britain Memorial Flight); and a blue suit once worn by Margaret Thatcher. (Grantham Museum).
Ball, born in Brigg in 1809, was an active Congregational church member much involved in local politics. In 1859 he emigrated to New Zealand with his family and 134 other people from the area. He established a farm on the North Island and took part in several other commercial ventures. He retained his commitment to non-conformist religion and a small wooden octagonal church at which he often preached is conserved at a museum in Mangonui (illustrated on the front cover of this issue).
Genetics as an Aid to History
I G Simmons
A useful survey of recent work on gene pools and historical immigration, with particular reference to Lincolnshire and the invasions by Anglo-Saxons and Vikings.
Horncastle, Methodism and the Kipling Family
A short but absorbing article about a notable family. Rudyard Kipling's grandfather, Joseph, was a Methodist minister in Horncastle from 1838 to 1842. Rudyard's father, Lockwood, married well and taught art at a college in Bombay. Rudyard grew up under the influence of both father and grandfather.
- The county trade directories are not always to be relied on (says Chris Hewis). In Saxilby the mound of a former post-mill was repeatedly described as a Roman barrow.
- The car driven by Wallis Byron Jevons (see Magazine Issue No.78 Winter 2009-10) was a 15/20hp Flanders (writes Tony Wall). Later cars owned by Jevons are also noted.
- Gary Taylor is searching for memorials to Old Contemptibles (those who served in the British Army between 19 Aug and 22 Nov 1914). Examples are found in Lincoln (2), Sleaford and Fulbeck. Are others known to survive in Lincolnshire?
- A photograph and notes of a 1904 De Dion Bouton car, BE188, owned by A A Padley of Market Rasen. Chris Padley (grandson) gives details of other family cars.
- An octagonal blockwork structure - now demolished - at Addlethorpe (near Skegness) was possibly the base of a wartime Direction Finder (D/F) Homer. Mike Osborne describes the function of the homer and asks for further information about the Addlethorpe building and any others in the county.
- A photograph and brief note about the 'Wild Mare' or treadmill used to lower and raise the bells in St James's Church, Louth. It is still in place, though not accessible to the public, writes David Vinter.
- A concise history of Welton by Lincoln from the Anglo-Saxons to WWI, plus two contemporary photographs (Bob Wise).
- Recycled architectural items noted by Joan Smith: doorway from Hartsholme Hall now at 'The Cardinal's Hat', High Street, Lincoln; Boultham Hall bridge relocated to Russell Street, Lincoln; 'Old Kate' bell St Benedict's Lincoln moved to St Mark's and then back to St Benedict's.
- Photographs of organised fish poaching in the Bourne area in 1920s, published as postcards. The men wear masks and some have blackened faces. Explanation sought (Andrew Jenkins).
- Further information - with illustrations - about George Beale, photographer from Spalding - see Magazine Issues No.5 (Autumn 1991) and No.79 (Spring 2010). It appears that he also traded in Wisbech and Boston (John Porter).
Cartes de Visite
Illustrations of five cartes, four of which are from George Beales of Spalding, a well known photographer in the Edwardian period. The fifth advertises William Henry Redshaw's business (saddlery, later portrait photography) in Bourne.
Edwardian Photographs of Spalding
Four half-page examples from a small collection of Edwardian glass negatives provide excellent illustrations of the centre of Spalding (the Sheep Market thronged with people and an equally busy New Road) and the 4-sailed windmill on Spalding Common.
Spalding Castle: Fact or Fiction
Ivo Taillebois, a Norman soldier knight, was made the first Baron of Kendal in Westmoreland following his sterling work with King William in quelling the Scots. He also helped suppress Hereward the Wake and the fenlanders in 1070 and soon acquired land around Spalding. There is 18th century cartographic evidence - but no physical remains - of a castle he built close to the road to Pinchbeck.
Lincoln's Municipal Leisure Services: 1900-1950
This extract from the writer's MA thesis looks at Lincoln's libraries, museums, art gallery, swimming pools, sports facilities, parks and commons in relation to the national picture of expenditure and legislation supporting leisure services in cities and towns. There are detailed data on library membership and book loans in Lincoln.
Hair Haulage History
Len & Ron Hair began a haulage business moving a wide range of produce in the Brigg/Scunthorpe area in early 1930s. Ownership and location of the family business has changed over the years but Hairs hauliers continue carrying products to and from places such as Immingham Docks today. Many photographs of lorries illustrate the article.
Humber radio, based originally at Grimsby Docks but for most of its existence at Trusthorpe, was one of 8 ship-to-shore radio stations operating from WW1 days until 2000. A former radio operator (later manager), with the aid of 18 photographs, outlines the history and function of the station.
The Missing Years (Story of Charles Tennyson Turner)
A fictional account of the undocumented life of the priest and poet during the six years 1843-1849. (Charles was brother to Alfred Tennyson and married to the sister of Emily Sellwood, Alfred's wife. He was vicar of Grasby near Caistor.)
- Information is sought about Fred Kennewell of Brant Broughton who was involved in the local plough play in the 1930s.
- Individuals (Dawson/Kirk) and location (Metheringham) are identified in the photograph shown in Magazine Issue No.77 (Autumn 2009) and discussed in Magazine Issue No.78 (Winter 2009-10).
- Killing the Pig - Lincolnshire Style: text of a poem - used by Fred Dobson and published in 1964.
- Report and photograph of Association for Industrial Archaeology awards following the 2009 Lincoln conference which were made to Dogdyke Steam Preservation Trust and Lincolnshire Film Archive.
- Lucy: a sonnet by Charles Tennyson Turner.
Steve Race: Obituary
Steve Race OBE, who died in June 2009, was born in Lincoln in 1921 and educated in the city. He was a gifted and eclectic musician who became well known for his many appearances on radio and television, especially as chairman of the longrunning My Music programme. He retained a strong affection for his native city and county.
Gilbert & Son Ltd and the Richardson Car
Annabel Carle and Tony Wall
As a follow up to previous articles - see Magazine Issues No.73 (Autumn 2008) and No.75(Spring 2009) - a conversation with the last managing director of Gilberts indicated that there was no link between the Lincoln firm and the Saxilby made cars. However, a fine photograph (reproduced with the article) intriguingly showns two Richardson cars driven by Gilbert staff and parked outside their premises. The same picture also hung in the Gilbert boardroom.
Wallis Byron Jevons: 1860-1912
Jevons was a chemist (pharmacist) in Market Rasen and reputedly the first man in Lincolnshire to own a car, a Benz. A number of his hair-raising motoring experiences are described; photographs of two of his cars illustrate the article. (Mrs Emily Parkinson of Spalding, also photographed here, is thought to have been the first Lincolnshire woman car-owner.)
Dog Kennel Farm, Glentworth Cliff
The detailed history of a modest Georgian farmhouse, its owners and tenants, together with drawings and a plan. The author demonstrates an intimate knowledge of the building in the 1940s. Today it is the site of a private mental hospital.
Alford at the Time of the 1851 Census
An analysis of age profile, household size, occupation, birth location in this small market town (pop. 2229). Schools, churches, railway, police are noted. Links are made with data from the parish registers. The author also expands on the information about her own family, the Steels.
The Moorby Font Story
The medieval font from Moorby is now in Greatford Church near Stamford, 60 miles away, following the demolition of Moorby church in 1983. Various authorities describe the font's fine decoration but its full iconography remains a mystery.
- Dr Martin Lister 1639-1712, Royal Physician to Queen Anne, owned Burwell Park. Dr Anna Marie Roos, University of Oxford, is seeking whereabouts of his portrait.
- Early photographs and/or drawings of St Peter's Church, Barton on Humber - especially of the interior - are sought by Professor Warwick Rodwell for a forthcoming book on the church.
- The bus shelter on the B1398 near Hemswell was probably erected during WWI. It has recently been refurbished by the PC.
- The distance record breaking aircraft shown in Magazine Issue No.77 (Autumn 2009) were photographs of scale models made by the author, Peter Stevenson.
- Hester Tuxford, who lived in Tattershall at one time, wrote a "best selling" recipe book in the 1920s. Did she have other Lincolnshire connections?
- Entries in a WWI nursing sister's album include short poems by two Lincolnshire men, Pte H Wray and Pte Wallace Hewison, both subsequently killed in the war. Is more known about them?
- Biographical notes on the SLHA vice-chairmen, Stewart Squires and Chris Lester.
Thomas Paine: Popular Champion of the Common Man
In the year of the bicentenary of his death, this is an account of Paine's significant contribution to the international democratic movement, especially through his writing. Born in Thetford, Norfolk, he worked in the English excise service first in Grantham (1762) and later, for about twelve months, in Alford. A plaque on the Windmill Hotel records his second Lincolnshire posting.
The Long Range Development Flight at Cranwell: 1926-38
The fascinating story of the efforts of the RAF to wrest the long distance flight record first from the French and later from the Americans and the Russians. Remarkable technical developments were matched by personal feats of bravery and endurance. (Photographs of three of the author's fine models illustrate the article.)
Two Lincolnshire Families: De Louth and Vickers
Part 2 deals with the Vickers family of Nettleham. The author considers the origins of the name and traces in some detail the succession of family members in the area close to the north of Lincoln. (The first part of this account was published in Magazine Issue No.75, Spring 2009).
Steps from High Bridge to Waterside North, Lincoln
A detailed reponse to the query raised in LP&P76 re William Watkins's drawing of 1902. An engraving of 1836 and photographs of 1885 and 1907 are discussed.
The Lincoln Beet Root Distillery
Two men, Richard Toynbee and William Best, established a distillery off Lincoln's lower High Street in 1857. (Backing on to the Witham, it was later to be the site of Rustons' woodworks.) No illustrations of the distillery survive but the dimensions of the plant and many details of the apparatus are known. The output of the plant was almost 6000 gallons of proof spirit in 1858 but the operation was not financially viable and it closed in early 1860.
Mosley in Lincolnshire
A brief report of fascist Oswald Mosley's visit to Grantham in 1934. He gave a "stirring speech" at an open-air meeting in Wide Westgate attended by an audience of several hundred.
Heritage Under the Hammer
Philip Earnshaw and Mal Jones
Brian Ayres of Middle Rasen, long-time collector of local memorabilia, died a few months ago. This is an account of how the local heritage society managed to buy most of the locally significant items at the auction sale of the collection.
- Lincolnshire poem about killing the pig. Does anyone know its origin?
- Mystery picture showing a group of people including lady in a bathchair in an unknown village street. Identification is sought.
- Are there records of Peculiar People carrying out mission work in Lincolnshire? It is thought there were some members of this religious group in Burgh le Marsh during the late 19th or early 20th centuries.
- Is it known how strong the British Union of Fascists was in rural area like Lincolnshire and what local interest the movement created?
- The old story of a dragon at Buslingthorpe was passed on to General Loft in 1832. He suggests in his Lincolnshire Notes that it was probably a wolf rather than a dragon; he made the same interpretation of similar legends at Carlton and Walmsgate.
From Penny-Farthings to Daimlers
Annabel Carle & Tony Wall
In 1885 at the age of 20 Walter Pennell (Annabel's grandfather and son of nurseryman, Charles Pennell) twice rode to London from Lincoln on a penny-farthing bicycle. He later owned a string of early motor cars (De Dion Bouton, Locomobile, Siddeley Deasy, Mass, Wolseley, Standard, Scott) all illustrated in these biographical notes about a motoring man.
Sir Anthony Irby: 1605-1681: A Lincolnshire Knight
Born at Whaplode in a wealthy family, Irby married successively into four notable families and was MP for Boston from 1628 until his death. He was a strong and active anti-royalist in the Civil War period 1642-43. Among his many contacts at a national level were the founders of the new Boston and the early government of Massachusetts.
Beet-root Distillers in Lincolnshire
A distillery for extracting alcohol from white Silesian beet was set up in Louth in 1857 by local young entrepreneurs Henry Fridlington Kemp and William Skey. The distillation process had been pioneered in France and was developed in the UK by William Dray & Co of London. The Louth project only lasted 3 years.
Internet Sources for Lincolnshire Landscape History
A brief introduction to the many documents and books now accessible through the internet. These include books on the history of the county; the first 58 volumes published by the Lincoln Record Society; the single Lincolnshire VCH volume; national and local archives; Wright's Dialect Dictionary.
- The font in St Thomas a Becket's Church, Greatford. Was this moved here from outside the county after 1989?
- Tealby postcard - the image of Bayons Manor and the personal message on the reverse in which Harold writes to Cissy (no date).
- Edward Mansel Sympson, the antiquarian. Details of his Lincoln birth (1724), parents and siblings. His obituary in the BMJ.
- Biographical details of Marjorie Christine Bates, painter of the scene of Steep Hill, Lincoln, on the cover of Past & Present No. 75. Comments about two watercolours of a similar view by A C Webster, 1907.
- A copy of William Watkins's plan for the refurbishment of High Bridge, Lincoln, 1902. A Norman bridge carried Tudor buildings; the chapel of St Thomas Becket once stood on the east side; the later obelisk (1762) was removed in 1939; finally the humble urinals. The plan raises questions.
- Pen portrait of the new SLHA Chairman, Neil Wright, DMA. Neil was born in Boston and has been an SLHA member for almost 50 years. His main interests are industrial archaeology and the history of Boston and the Holland division of Lincolnshire.
- Angels in the hammer-beam roof at St Mary's Church, Horncastle are being refurbished this year. They will be re-gilded and available for inspection at ground level in the late summer.
- Revd Joseph Kipling, grandfather of the poet Rudyard, was Wesleyan minister in Horncastle in 1840s. Kipling's father, John, was born near Pickering but three later children were born at Horncastle.
- FLARE: A brief history and tribute; see full text in Archaeology Features.
Beer & Bribery or The Baker's Boy Undone
After Charles Seely was elected as one of Lincoln's two MPs in 1847, one of the defeated candidates raised a petition against the result on the grounds of corruption. A detailed account of the Select Committee hearing concludes with Seely's disqualification - he was found guilty of bribery.
The Story of FE1: Lincoln's First Car Registration Number
Annabel Carle & Tony Wall
The Pennell family have retained ownership of the much sought after FE1 plate and most of the vehicles which have carried the treasured plate are known. The owners of FE2 (Herbert Newsum) and FE3 (another Pennell) and their cars are also noted.
Violet Van Der Elst
Mrs Van der Elst (1882-1966) created a very successful beauty product business and between 1937 and 1948 lived at Harlaxton Manor. She is best known for her indefatigable campaigning against capital punishment.
Two Lincolnshire Families: De Louth and Vickers
Part 1 deals with the de Louths, who descend from Norman Conquest and are strongly linked to Louth. The coat of arms is discussed and the family is traced through to the present day.
Incendiarism in the Fens
Based on original documents, a brief account of Swing Riots and other disturbances in the Wisbech and Long Sutton areas in the early 1830s.
Hiring Fairs at Market Rasen and Caistor
Details of May Market - including annual wages - taken from copies of the Market Rasen Mail, 1887
- Peace Leverton: a photograph of the woman referred to in previous issues.
- The Charter of the Forest: a document of 1217 held by Lincoln Cathedral which restored common access to royal lands and repealed the death sentence for taking royal game.
- Workers Education Association: an account of the current organisation and a reminder of its much valued work.
- Sir Joseph Banks Society: progress report on the new society (based in Horncastle) and the Banks Archive at Nottingham Trent University.
- Fake Lead Lincolnshire Tokens: a recollection of the tallyman and the London Co-operative Society.
- Lincolnshire Dragons: the legend of the dragon at Castle Carlton in the 12th Century.
- Henry Winn of Fulletby: an appeal by his great-great-grandson for "lost" archives about the long-lived poet.
The large and impressive stone house shown in Magazine Issue No.71 (Spring 2008) is identified and located. It was purchased by the Lincoln Corporation in 1894 and demolished to make way for the new Corporation Street between West Parade and High Street.
A Dovecote at Canwick
A fine rectangular stone dovecote with over 1000 surviving nesting boxes and a potence; it was one of three on the Sibthorp estate in Canwick.
The Croft Bakers of Cleethorpes
The story of Henry Croft Baker (b1864) and his descendants, owners of Grimsby fishing fleets.
The Centenary of Old Age Pensions
The impact of state pensions in Lincoln and district as reported in the press.
The Fenland Draglines and their Drivers
The maintenance of fenland drains and how Lincoln-built machinery tackled the job.
Lincolnshire Weather: Past and Present
A personal account of significant changes to the weather over a lifetime, with photographs of snowdrifts in winter 1947.
Recovering from World War Two
(original document from The Lincolnshire Historian, 1947)
A report circulated with the first issue of the Lincolnshire Local History Society magazine underlines the healthy state of the society despite wartime stringencies.
- Gainsborough Old Hall and Friends; the fine flower and herb garden.
- The library at Jews' Court; a summary of the newly organised facilities.
- Bayons Manor, Tealby, and the Drakes family.
- Windmill graffiti in at St Denys's Church, Sleaford (see Magazine Issue No.72, Summer 2008); other graffiti in the church are described.
- The Isthmian Football League and their cup medal. Louth Swifts were the first winners in 1905/6, and the badge on the medal is similar to the Louth coat of arms.
- Unknown medieval church font in a Victorian (?) church (photograph).
- Fake lead Lincolnshire tokens, mid-C20? They relate to genuine Lincolnshire companies but were not issued by them (illustrated).
- WW2 air raid shelter in Holborn, London, later used by MI6 during the cold war. It contains Lincoln-built generators from the 1940s.
- Peace Leverton family details in 1881 (see Magazine Issues No.72, Summer 2008, and No.73, Autumn 2008).
- Extracts from C18 recipe book (facsimile copies of 4 pages).
- Philip Towell of Boston, local historian, concert goer and supporter of Boston Parish Church.
- Pat Jakes of Long Sutton, long standing SLHA member and keen amateur archaeologist.
Details of the election in December 1832, in which Sibthorp was well beaten by Heneage and Bulwer. However, the ladies of Lincoln presented him with a fine ring in compensation. Copies of contemporary documents illustrate the account.
Jack Richardson and the Lincoln Motor Manufacturing Company
This company, founded in 1903 with showrooms in Lincoln and works in Saxilby, initially made three 'Richardson' models (6.5hp, 12hp and 24hp). J R Richardson was the engineer, Charles W Pennell, his brother-in-law (of the local, long-established seed company) the chairman. The cars had some success, e.g in hill climbing events, but the company folded in 1907. The article is accompanied by several fine, previously unpublished photographs of cars and personalities.
Emma Cheetham of East Keal, 1844-1936
Copy of a newspaper tribute at the time of her 90th birthday in 1934. One of a family of 12, she first worked in domestic service and then, as a young widow, built up a market gardening business. Later she was village postmistress. The longest journey in her life was to Skegness, 15 miles away!
Lincolnshire in Britannia Curiosa, 1777
Extracts from the book about (i) Market Deeping, and (ii) duck decoys. There is much detail about the construction and operation of these widely used devices for catching wildfowl, plus an illustration of a decoy pipe.
Peace Leverton and the Hagerups
More informatiom and details of the references used in the previous article in Lincolnshire Past and Present No. 72
- Laceby Sanatorium (photo, see Magazine Issue No. 72 (Summer 2008) and possible identification of doctor and chaplain, 1930s.
- Mystery picture of house, stables and family (possibly Spalding area, c1890).
- Bayons Manor, Tealby, and a meet of the Southwold Hunt (photo). More information is sought.
- Radio Bungalows, Trusthorpe (1961 photo); named after the ship-to-shore radio.
Lincoln's three candidates for the 1832 General Election (Sibthorp, G F Heneage, E L Bulwer) are introduced and the local political turmoil described, supported by contemporary portraits and documents.
An account of the Hagerup family of Pelham Road, Grimsby and their female house servants, including the cook, Pease Leverton. The head of the family, Fred Hagerup, a Norwegian by birth, owned ships and was a Grimsby corn agent in the 1890s. (This responds to a query raised in Magazine Issue No.70 (Winter 2007-08).
A Leader in its Field
Description of Mrs Smith's Cottage in Navenby, a simple dwelling of the 1840s, still furnished as left by the eponymous Mrs Smith who died a few years' ago. It is one of North Kesteven's most popular visitor attractions.
Leonard Cheshire and a Notable Tree at Fleet
Hovenden House at Fleet was built by the Worth family in 1911 and donated to the Leonard Cheshire Foundation in 1957. The magnificent western red cedars along the drive are a striking feature.
Windmill Graffiti in Churches
Catherine Wilson & David Start
Examples from Aslackby church porch and Thornton Abbey are shown and discussed (medieval post mills). Can these be accurately dated? Are there other examples of similar graffiti elsewhere in Lincolnshire?
- Use of stocks in Lincoln, c1840.
- Mrs Capp and Mrs Grantham and their school in Lincoln in C19.
- Mystery group photograph from Holton le Clay or Laceby area.
- Lincoln horse-drawn tramway cars, 1882-1905 - the first and last driver (illustrated).
- Claribel (Charlotte Allington Pye) 1830-1869. Query about location of the archive of her correspondence.
- Blackstone engine found at Hereford waterworks.
Southcliffe House, Cross O'Cliff Hill, Lincoln was a substantial mid-Victorian house close to the South Common, owned at one time by the writer's grandparents. Alongside the house and garden was a large brick pit, used in the early C20 as a boating lake.
A Tale of Two Farmsteads
The fact that near identical farmsteads at Coleby (near Lincoln) and Bishop Burton (East Yorks) were built in the 1880s/1890s is probably based on the proximity of the men who commissioned their construction, rather than a reference to a pattern book. Other examples are sought by Dr Brook.
Poet in the Shadow: Charles (Tennyson) Turner of Grasby
The poet in question, the brother of the more famous Alfred, was the vicar of Grasby, near Caistor. This brief article follows his life and relationship to the rest of the family.
Volcanic Eruption in Iceland in 1783
Dust from the Laki Fissure Eruption severely reduced sunlight and warmth in 1783. The detailed records of yields and income form the memorandum book of Thomas Hardy of Goxhill demonstrate the significant impact this had in a north Lincolnshire parish.
- 'Beaumont Court' : The probable location of a Lincoln school for young ladies.
- Caroline Eliza Derecourt Martin : The subject of a book by Lena Wallis.
- Stocks : What is the record of their last use in Lincolnshire?
- Langrick Bridge : Two photographs of the ferry which preceded the eponymous bridge.
- House in Corporation Street, Lincoln : article and photo from 1897 Lincolnshire Notes and Queries.
- St Helen's Church, Benington : an engraving (solution to mystery picture in Magazine Issue No.69 (Autumn 2007).
J S Padley's plan of Lincoln at 20 inches to the mile was published in 1842 and updated in 1851, 1868 and 1883. Rob Wheeler, co-author of the recently published Historic Town Plans of Lincoln 1610-1920 (Lincoln Record Society, 2004), examines the sequence of maps and their production. Reference is made to other contemporary maps and how these and Padley's maps kept abreast of new buildings and other developments in Lincoln.
South Lincolnshire Jekyll Origins
The Jekyll name (brought to fame by R L Stephenson and Gertude Jekyll, the gardener) originated in Yarburgh, near Louth, and more significantly in South Holland. This article examines the origin of the name and points to the many local features which bear the name or a derivation of it (e.g. Jekils Bank). Detail is given of the branch of the Jekyll family which includes Gertude (1843-1932); it has had several distinguished members who have played roles in the national scene.
George Eliot in Lincolnshire
This article is based on a lengthy study on the same theme undertaken by the author and her husband (copies at Gainsborough Library and at West Lindsey District Council). Eliot's journals throw fascinating light on the long held supposition that The Mill on the Floss is based entirely on Gainsborough. There is evidence of several other visits by Eliot to the county to visit friends, e.g. the Otters of Ranby Hall.
The Butchery - A Lost Community
The tiny street in Barton upon Humber - now a barren open space - shows evidence of its 18th Century origins and the 1851 Census reveals the wide range of trades and businesses it once housed.
- The Penitent Females' Home, Lincoln: An extract from The Strangers' Illustrated Guide Through Lincoln (1856) describes its aims and activities.
- Stixwould Priory Keys: Photographs of 4 old keys, claimed in 1882 to originate from the Priory. Is this feasible? Where are the keys now?
- "Friend" Peace: A letter thus signed, written from Grimsby in 1897, is thus signed. Brian Thornalley asks for further information.
Henry Stone (1631-1693) inherited the Skellingthorpe estate from his father and made numerous bequests, including a substantial one to Christ's Hospital for the Mathematical School. Another educational bequest led ultimately to the founding of Newark High School (for girls), Lilley and Stone Foundation, which opened in 1910. Skellingthorpe churchyard contains the family tomb and the village still retains several associations with his name.
An example of the effect of the 1733 Bastardy Act as described in John Peck's diaries (1818-1851) and the poetry of George Crabbe (1758-1851). The Peck diaries are held in the Wisbech and Fenland Museum.
An Unusual Vice - a Spiral Staircase in Harmston Church
R C Wheeler
The tower of Harmston church, built about 1100, contains a spiral staircase which was evidently constructed at a later date. The materials and methods used to create the staircase, whilst unusual, can be understood when carefully examined. One can only speculate on the original purpose of this staircase up to the bell chamber.
- Langrick Bridge Centenary: A small but enthusiastic event was held locally in 2007; photographs of bridge, steam roller and traction engine give a flavour of the day.
- The Strangers' Illustrated Guide through Lincoln, 1856: Extracts and illustrations from the book held at SLHA Jews' Court library.
- Historical Notes in Spalding: A contemporary account of a severe storm in the Spalding area on 10 November 1810.
- The Grantham Canal: Pieces of Axminster carpet used to create a watertight seal at Willis's Lock have been discovered.
- Eleanor Nannestad: The Local Studies Group of the Library Association has awarded the prestigious Dorothy McCulla Award to Eleanor for her work in the field.
Based on local records and recollections, an illustrated account of a pig club which operated from 1876 to 1966 in a pair of villages in the Lincolnshire Wolds.
Colonel Sibthorp versus the Public Libraries Act, 1850
The famously eccentric Lincoln MP blasts off against a proposal to levy a half-penny rate for the establishment of public libraries.
Wooden souvenirs of Lincolnshire
Dr Ian MacFeeters
A general account of Mauchline Ware (Ayrshire, Scotland) and examples of the boxes decorated with Lincolnshire scenes, with 12 illustrations.
- Bernard Reeves wrote 'Rambles in Lincolnshire', an intriguing c1936 book published by LNER, giving details of 15 walks. Who was Bernard Reeves?
- Cleethorpes Artist : A family portrait (c1830) of a Cleethorpes Methodist is by an competent but unknown, local artist. Who was he?
- Lincoln Racecourse 1756 : What connection was there between Dunston Pillar and Pleasure Grounds (1751) and the nearby racecourse?
- Decorated English fonts : The Society has acquired a fine book of etchings by J Simpson, engraved by Robert Roberts, dated c1830.
- Naval recruiting in Lindsey : An article from the English Historical Review, April 1928, gives details of many local problems in c1800.
- Lincolnshire Recipes : 3 examples from Mrs E H Rudkin's book (Satisfaction Pudding, For the Cramp, For a Hoarseness which cured Betty).
- Lincolnshire Music on Air : Horkstow Grange, a Lincolnshire folk tune collected by Percy Grainger was recently used at title music on Radio 4 for a George Eliot serial. What was the connection?
This sheepwash, in the centre of Branston, was managed and maintained by the Washdike Committee under the Parish Council in the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was excavated early in 2006 by a community group under the direction of Archaeological Project Services.
The Cow Paddle, Lincoln 1855
This low-lying grazing land, part of the South Common adjacent to Canwick, became the site of Lincoln‚Äôs cemetery in 1856. Contemporary accounts and a large scale map of the area are the primary sources used. Earlier uses of the site are indicated, including possibly soap-making.
From Victorian Lincolnshire to L 'Epoque de Worth in Paris
The story of Charles Frederick Worth, who was born at Bourne in Lincolnshire in 1825 and became a celebrated fashion designer and 'father of haute couture'.
- Chester's Mill, Woodhall Spa: the photograph in Magazine Issue No. (66 Winter 2006-07) is identified and the individuals identified.
- Caroline Eliza Derecourt Martyn, 1867-1896: biographical details of a Lincoln woman, who became a leading socialist of her day.
- Lincoln's lost medieval theatre: evidence put forward for the site of a theatre in Tower gardens, adjacent to the Usher Gallery.
- Cogglesford Mill, Sleaford: the proposed conversion of part of the mill into a shop and cafe threatens the unique character of this working mill.
- Spalding Gentlemen's Society: a brief account of the society (founded 1712) which is now to admit lady members.
- Obituary of Les Gostick (1911-2007) local historian and writer.
The history of St Andrew's Church at Stewton near Louth, with particular reference to its restoration.
A first-hand story of the arrival and distribution of the Nottingham Evening Post at Grantham in the 1920s/30s - a significant daily event for the town.
Potterhanworth Water Tower
A brief note about the origins of the tower, technical details, and its conversion into a dwelling in 1995.
- Ethel Rudkin's account of the traditional use of the breast-bone of a Christmas goose for predicting weather until the end of March.
- Post-card illustrations of Jews' House, Lincoln (1915) and the Alkborough turf maze (1932).
- Christian Pacifist Forestry and Land Units: John Makin (firstname.lastname@example.org) is seeking information about the communities set up by this organisation during WWII in Bardney and Willingham Forests - and possibly elsewhere.
- The campaign mounted by the clerk to the governors at Horncastle Grammar School to resist a drop in salary in 1932.
- A request for identification of a watermill and a group of bystanders shown in two photographs - possibly at Kirkby on Bain.
- A photograph of 12 officers of Royal Artillery 237th/60th Lincoln Field Regiment in 1939. Can readers identify them?
A brief history of the most important of Boston's many medieval guilds from the 13th century to its dissolution in 1545.
Where was the Bay Horse in Barton?
A public house in Whitecross Street, Barton-on-Humber, proves to be elusive despite extensive research in trade directories and 19th century census returns.
Strangers' Illustrated Guide through Lincoln, 1856
Fascinating extracts and contemporary illustrations from a little known publication throw new light on familiar City historic landmarks.
The Irish Connection
There is evidence that the Rossiters, originating in Normandy, migrated to both County Wexford and Lincolnshire during the early Middle Ages. Their pedigree is fascinating, their family history very eventful.
This Most Melancholy Intelligence : Henry W J Sibthorp 1784-1807
The brief life story of the young naval lieutenant, eccentric son of an eccentric family, who drowned when HMS Ajax was destroyed by the Turks at the Dardenelles.
GAG: The Story of the Grantham Archaeology Group
21 years of enterprising fieldwork and study, including filming and TV links, are summarised in this well-illustrated account.
Family Links in Hidden England
A personal account of a visit to Spilsby and Halton Holegate, with details of links to the eminent Richardson and Franklin families.
River Trent Bridge, Gainsborough
The old road bridge of 1787 with its quaint tollhouses was the only river crossing at Gainsborough for almost 200 years. It remains little changed. Historic photographs support the text of this article.
The Mayor's Visit
Part of a contemporary written account of the Mayor of Lincoln‚Äôs visit to USA and Canada in 1930, including allusions to a possible donation of $10,000 towards city improvements.
Railway Building in 1881
Sleaford builders and architects Kirk and Parry were awarded the contract to build the railway from Spalding to Ruskington. Here is a short but well-researched piece on the logistics of the construction of a rural railway line.
SLHA Study Trip to South Wales, July 2005
Brocklesby Park Racecourse
A Potterhanworth philosopher
Tubular Bells at Weston Hills
Prehistoric tracks and Roman roads on the North Lincolnshire Wolds
- Caistor old fire station;
- Dicky Rainton and Laughton;
- Maurice Beresford, Garland Grylls, obituaries;
- Conservation do's and don'ts, oral history project.
Urns Farm, Baston, 8th century, Spalda and 21st century Spalding
Thatching (mainly corn stacks)
Lincoln University Library - the Great Central Warehouse
Insight into the C19 Pennell family of Lincoln
Recollections of the old City and County Museum (Greyfriars, Lincoln)
- RAF Gletton, 1945;
- C W Pennell, Sir William Tritton and the tank.
Lincoln Race Course
Robert Wheeler & Dennis Mills
Lincolnshire Commemorative mugs
A Lincolnshire Farmer's Daughter : Elsie Holmes (1896-1952) of Kirkstead
Were the Pilgrim Fathers Ever Tried in Boston's Guildhall?
The Sinking of the 'RMS Lusitania' in 1915 : A Tealby Tragedy
Poem about Boston
- Ewerby Centenarian (Margaret Vickers, 1905-1005);
- Commemorative Mugs;
- Model of the tank;
- Blue plaque to Sir William Tritton.
The building of the church of St Michael on the Mount, Lincoln, 1845-71
Wartime memories: the night sky
Horncastle Manorial Court Leet By-Laws, 1673 (original document)
- Moorby and Honington POW Camps;
- Temple Bruer commemorative mugs;
- Fires at Stoke Rochford Hall and Broughton House;
- Dehio guides;
- Patents relating to the internal combustion engine taken out by Charles Barnes;
- Apprentice rules (Horncastle);
- Archive copies of Lincoln Rutland and Stamford Mercury;
- William and Mary Richardson (William of the Nile).
Lincolnshire Archaeological Research Committee: its history 1945-59
South Witham Archaeological Group
Amy Johnson and Tealby
Road Signs in Lincolnshire
Shop rules for the Horncastle draper, Eve Ranshaw and Mawer (early C20)
- The inspiration behind Pevsner;
- William (Richardson) of the Nile;
- Moulton mill;
- Nocton Hall fire;
- Oral history recordings;
- Boston Angling Association.
John Samuels, 1953-2004: obituary
Four Fabulous Beasts: the De Mouton Sheep
A view of Dr Nikolaus Pevsner, 1902-1983
The SLHA Study Tour of North Wales, July 2004
Improvements to Sleaford in the 1830s
Cow Club Rules (Goxhill) - an original document
- Dickey Rainton and Laughton by Gainsborough;
- Commemorative mugs (Leadenham et al);
- G F Watts;
- Charles Hayes of the Lincoln School of Art;
- A Jewish wedding at Jews' Court;
- Fenscape - visitor centre, Spalding.
J E Swaby
The Skegness stone lion
Boston Parish Library
'The City by the Pool'
Assessment of a comprehensive book on Lincoln's archaeology by Michael Jones, David Stocker and Alan Vince.
- Letter boxes;
- Library charges;
- St Hybald and Hibaldstow;
- Glass at South Kyme;
- Plaster relief wall plaques;
- Sempringham and Princess Gwenllian;
- Damage to Newport Arch, Lincoln.
A History of the Methodist Church in Swinderby
Christine E Carnell
The deserted village of Skinnand and the Woolfitt family
I S Davies
Horncastle Horse Fairs
J N Clarke
- Symbols of trees on gravestones;
- Lincolnshire giant (Balthasar Mackensfield);
- Lucky charms to protect a house;
- Sophie Farrell (b1861) and Ranby.
Cranwell's runways and the M1 motorway
Two black people in Georgian Lincolnshire
Neil R Wright
From Northorpe to Holkham in the early C19
E M Emminson
A Lincolnshire Artist: Alfred Ernest White (1873-1953)
Jean M Fanthorpe
Deserted Medieval Villages
Rex C Russell
- Dunston Pillar;
- Steam threshing accident at Bardney, 1857;
- Tit = small horse, possibly for coal mines;
- Medieval stained glass at South Kyme;
- Lost parish churches, Roxholm.
J B Reavill
Market Rasen Coal and Clothing Club
The early days of steam powered threshing
Domesday ploughlands in the Boothby wapentake
R C Wheeler
Wragby's "William of the Nile"
Lost parish churches in Lincolnshire
J E Swaby
Frederick Flowers (1810-1886)
Jim Murray and Jean Fanthorpe
- Aitches in Lincolnshire dialect;
- Sir Ninian Comper;
- Tribute to Flora Murray on her 90th birthday;
- Refurbishment of Jews' Court;
- Sid Gott (1912-2003), obituary.
C J Marriott
Shell corner at Blyborough
Sarah P Taylor
The Sleaford Picturedrome
The Lincolnshire Illustrations Index
Whittons' Mill, Gainsborough
The Shuttleworth family of Lincoln and the Shuttleworth Collection at Old Warden
- David Cuppleditch, Sam Scorer - obituaries;
- Rosemary Lane Methodist School, Lincoln.
Brayford Villa, Lincoln: Where was it, What was it, When was it?
A discussion, illustrated by maps and photographs, of the origin, nature and ownership of a property which first appeared in Lincoln City maps of the 1840s. It was significantly affected by the Nottingham and Lincoln Railway and later swept aside by industrial development to the south-west of the city centre.
The Lucas Freelite
A simple DC generator turned by pole-mounted propeller was used throughout the Lincolnshire and Cambridgeshire Fens at isolated properties for lighting or battery charging, chiefly in the 1940s and 50s. No current examples are known. Technical details with drawings and a photograph (1976).
Dogdyke Pumping Station
A brief account of the history of this station and note of the recent boiler replacement and subsequent reopening. Close to Tattershall Castle, it is open from May to October on the first Sunday in the month between 2pm and 5pm.
Floods : East Coast 1953
Betty Kirkham, Hilary Healey and Ethne Kingsley
Three personal recollections, illustrated by photographs, of the devastating floods along the Lincolnshire coast at Woolla Bank, Sutton-on-Sea and Ingoldmells on 31 January 1953.
The Perils of Publishing Lincolnshire's Heritage
A successful and prolific local author who has published 13 titles in the past 18 years recommends a painless way of getting into print. Some practical tips are given.
The Lincolnshire Methodist History Society
The Wesley Historical Society inaugurated in 1888 eventually spawned local branches, including the Lincolnshire branch in 1963. This is a brief account of its activities - lecture programme, journal, preservation of records and buildings.
Peerage for a Poet: Voyage of the "Pembroke Castle" September 1883
Based on the journal of Tennyson's son, Hallam, an account of the maiden voyage of a 4-masted steamship to the Western Isles of Scotland, the Orkneys, Norway and Denmark. Alfred Tennyson and W E Gladstone were the principal passengers. Tennyson's peerage followed 3 moths later.
Henry Cross: a Lincolnshire Drover
In the late 18th century thousands of cattle were driven annually from Scotland for summer grazing on the rich salt marshes of Lincolnshire and East Anglia. This article describes the practice and follows the life of Henry Cross, born in the Lincolnshire Marshes in 1740 and buried at Darfield, South Yorkshire, 41 years later.
Young Archaeologist of the Year 2002
Clemency Cooper of Spalding was the winner of the 13 -15 age group with a project entitled 'A Roman Dinner Fit for an Emperor'
Coal in Lincolnshire
A Lincolnshire map of 1775 marks the site of a trial coal shaft between Claxby and Normanby on the scarp face of the Wolds. Is anything more known?
Obituary : Douglas Boyce
Former mathematics teacher at De Aston School, Market Rasen; also local historian and author of books on Market Rasen and war memorials.
Obituary : Sue Gates
A librarian who played a key role in developing and promoting the Tennyson Research Centre at Lincoln Central Library. Also noted for her work on newspaper archives and the Lincolnshire County Council Illustrations Index.
Describes the early days of this Lincoln firm's manufacture of portable steam engines (later they were the world's leaders) and an early dispute over pay and working conditions. Also a list of customers in 1850.
John Wray (1776-1851): Vicar of Bardney, 1806-1851
Wray, son of a former Bardney schoolmaster, took the living of the village and proceeded to bankrupt himself by re-building the vicarage and extensively restoring the church. A fascinating account of his attempt to avoid penury and imprisonment.
A short piece recalling these ubiquitous, attractive and useful features of yesterday's shopping street.
Childhood Memories of Grantham
Personal recollections of the home and lifestyle of writer's grandparents in the 1940s and 50s. A vivid picture is also painted of the streets of Grantham.
Digging at Old Seaford - a letter from Margaret Jones, 1960
Margaret Jones was the joint leader of the archaeological dig at Old Sleaford, which identified a medieval church and found famous Iron Age coin moulds. The letter, written in a lively personal style is addressed to Dr Dorothy Owen.
George Tennyson and the Clergy Daughters' School
Describes the association of George Tennyson (grandfather of Alfred) and William Gray of York and how both had links with Casterton Hall, Kirkby Lonsdale, school for daughters of impoverished clergymen and, famously, attended by the Bronte sisters.
News from New Zealand: Colonial Secretary Alerted
Brian T Thornalley
Account of the author's family from the Burgh/Wainfleet area and in particular of Samuel (1835-1881) whose untimely accidental death in a gravel pit near Auckland led to a lengthy inquest and ultimately action by the Colonial Secretary to prevent similar accidents in the future.
Coal in Lincolnshire
A brief account of trial digging in 1798 at Quarrington, near Sleaford, giving the constituents of the various strata to a depth of 479 feet. Excellent potable water was produced, but no coal.
- Great Tom (Lincoln, St Paul's);
- Photographs of council housing;
- The Coronation Channel, Spalding;
- Page Woodcock, Lincoln pharmacist;
- Lincolnshire folklore and customs.
Jim English of Gainsborough author and local historian, who gave valuable service to Lincolnshire Libraries, Lincolnshire Methodist History Society, SLHA, Friends of Gainsborough Old Hall and the annual Brackenbury Event.
Points are made about the advertising, labelling and pricing of patent medicines100 years ago. An account of the career of Page Woodcock, a Lincoln chemist and Methodist, who manufactured and sold 'wind pills'.
Lincolnshire Books: a Library Publishing Programme
For 25 years the Lincolnshire Library Service has produced books on the County written by its staff and local authors. A note of the outstanding titles from this wide-ranging collection.
Memories of Mablethorpe
J E Swaby
The author, a substantial contributor to Lincolnshire local history, recalls his time as Rector of Mablethorpe for 7 years in the 1950s. His first day in the resort in 1953 immediately followed the disastrous East Coast flood.
A Nostalgic Evening
An account of celebrations for Woodhall Spa's Kinema-in-the-Woods' 80th anniversary and the launch of the book telling the story of this unique cinema.
The M.O.'s Report - transcription of a document
The Medical Officer of the 8th Lincolnshire Regiment reports from the trenches in the summer of 1916. Casualties had been high and there serious problems moving the wounded away from battle area.
A graphic account of the complex range of hooters that punctuated the working day when Grantham‚Äôs industries flourished between the wars.
The Louth, Mablethorpe and Sutton Permanent Building Society
Tony E Merriman
A history of this small society from incorporation in 1877 to take over in 1991. This is also the story of local business men involved with the construction of the Louth and East Coast Railway seeking to stimulate development in the area. Throughout its century of existence it remained essentially a local institution, run by and for the community.
Statute or Hiring Fairs in Lincolnshire
C T Mackinder
The tradition of hiring domestic and farm servants at annual events in Lincoln and elsewhere in the County is examined. A range of useful information about both employer and employee is included in the records held at Lincolnshire Archives. There are also contemporary newspaper reports of these colourful annual gatherings.
The City of Boston?
Based on local and national documents this is an account of the unsuccessful - and little publicised - bid made by the Corporation of Boston to acquire city status in 1945.
- Fred Felstead of Bourne, aged 73, professional signwriter, local historian, book collector and amateur photographer.
Extracts from The Lincolnshire Chronicle of June 1887 describe the amusing and varied Jubilee celebrations in Lincoln and other communities in Victorian Lincolnshire. Includes a photograph of Lincoln worthies at a suitably bedecked Newport Roman Arch.
A letter to Rev Richard Fawssett from his mother Charlotte, 1833
A letter dated 1833 from the author's great-great-grandmother, a respectable doctor's widow of Horncastle, reveals a mother's anxiety about her daughter's proposed marriage. The author is able to deal with some but not all of the intriguing questions raised by this document.
How I found Sheath's Bank (an important C18 bank in Boston)
The author uses his considerable knowledge of early nineteenth-century Boston to track down the location of a small banking business founded by the Sheaths, who were also timber merchants, ship owners and landowners. In the process we learn much about the commercial centre of this important Lincolnshire town.
World War I Hangars at Bracebridge Heath, Lincoln
A description, with photographs, of the last original and unique Belfast truss hangars, which were demolished in September 2001 despite their Grade II Iisting and widespread local opposition. On this site, close to Lincoln's southern boundary, aircraft were assembled or repaired and flown during both World Wars.
Gainsborough Riverside Walk (the industrial archaeology)
An illustrated description of the historic buildings and sites along the River Trent at Gainsborough. This account of the development and later decline of a Lincolnshire port ends on an optimistic note about the current huge waterfront regeneration project and the introduction of recreational rivercraft.
The sounds of Grantham, early C20
An evocative and colourful account of the street noises of Grantham in the inter-war years of the author‚Äôs youth. The identification - and description - of sounds emanating from vehicles (trains, cars, lorries, horse and carts, cycles, planes) as well as men and animals, paints an attractive and nostalgic picture.
Hill House, Bracebridge Heath (built 1934)
The author's former home in Bracebridge Heath from1963 until 1999 stands on a site once owned by Colonel Charles de Laet Waldo Sibthorpe, Lincoln's notoriously eccentric MP in the mid-nineteenth-century. (Sibthorpe hated foreigners and was an implacable opponent of the early railways.) We read an account of the development of the house from its construction in 1933 to the present day.
St Gilbert and St Hugh CE Church
A photograph and brief description of this fine 1902-04 building which has recently been restored. It is timber-framed, with brick chancel, rendered walls, and Collyweston slated roof.
- Allotments in Binbrook, 1877;
- Lantern slides of Lincolnshire, 1898;
- Obituary for Ronald Drury;
- MBE for Dr John Ketteringham, local historian and author.
A brief history of Scredington
A letter from France (by Captain Harry Thornalley, 1891-1917, of Burgh Le Marsh)
The Captain's Bell (John Adams, 1854-1927, captain of the Try, sloop from Saltfleet)
- Graffito, Metheringham Church;
- Gunworth Ferry near Castor, Peterborough;
- Coronation sluice gates, Spalding;
- Caythorpe Court;
- C19 paving of Sleaford streets.
John T Turner
Lincolnshire Aristocratic Landscapes: the view from the 1790s
The Mystery of George William Thomas (excavation in Sleaford, 1881)
Way Down on the Fens
(The estate at Gedney Fen and Gedney Hill, which provided income to Carre's School, Sleaford)
Glebe Terriers and evidence of enclosure
Leasingham's silent history of enclosures revealed
A curious Chancery Case
R C Wheeler
(A case taken out by the vicar of Harmston in 1555 against 3 parishioners.)
- Sale of Fulbeck Hall;
- Friends of the Old Hall, Gainsborough;
- Obituaries: Norman Leveritt (President of Spalding Gentlemen's Society) and Adrian Oswald (clay pipe researcher);
- Guidepost at Branston Mere;
- Milestone at Fosdyke;
- 'A Day at Horncastle Fair', C19 poem.
A John Harrison Puzzle (when did he move to London from Lincolnshire?)
Lincolnshire in the Industrial Period (Part 3)
Rubbish and the Pinfold (at Branston)
Report on Social History Conference
Moving house - David Hey; vernacular housing - Philip Dixon; Tudor wills - Mary Lucas; inventories - Brenda Webster; living in an old house - Chris Medley; earth-built houses - Rodney Cousins.
- John de Toynton and Walter Barde;
- Brocklesby tenants and voting in 1835;
- Uphill Lincoln;
- Lincolnshire tornado.
Were Wigford, Canwick and Bracebridge parts of a single early estate?
Lincolnshire in the Industrial period - Part 2
Sullivans (coal cutting machine makers) at Grantham, 1936-1947
- Historic urinal in Lincoln;
- Rycote and Grimsthorpe;
- Abbey Ward Neighbourhood History Group (Lincoln).
J W Braybrooks
Lincolnshire in the Industrial Period - Part 1
The Ruston's Extravaganza at the Museum of Lincolhsire Life (Sept 1990)
- Auston Lee (d1965), clergyman and writer;
- Medieval walls in Flaxengate and Danesgate, Lincoln;
- Lincolnshire subscribers to William Dorman's twelve sermons, 1743;
- Why yellow bellies?;
- Ernest Terah Hooley;
- Monkey on the ridge;
- Hoard or deposit?
Paul Everson & David Stocker
Recollections of Ethel Rudkin (local historian, archaeologist, collector)
The Brackenbury Memorial Lectures
A Willoughby connection in Oxfordshire
Shipwrecks and school attendance (based on log books)
The Louth Imps (stone carvings in St James's Church, Louth)
J E Swaby
Norman fonts at Clee and Holton le Clay (pen and ink drawings)
- Lord Harrowby's estate at Digby;
- Belfast truss hangar at Bracebridge Heath;
- Monkey astride the ridge;
- Plaster plaques;
- George Frederick Devaliant;
- Railway Operating Division of Royal Engineers;
- Counting sheep;
- Samson Meanwell;
- Betjeman's Lincolnshire church;
- Terah Hooley.
'Ramblings' (Radio 4 programme) visits Lincolnshire
Belfast truss aircraft hangar at Bracebridge Heath
The mystery of a tombstone at St Peter's Asterby (Samson Meanwell)
Anglo-Saxon cruciform brooches at Sleaford in 1916
M J Turland
Anne's Spring, Branston
L N Parkes
North Lincolnshire chalk buidings
- Bishop Swayne and care of churchyards;
- 'Made in Lincoln' event;
- Plaster wall plaques;
- Counting sheep;
- Lincolnshire clockmakers;
- Memoirs of Charles Gunthorpe;
- Frank Bramley, Lincolnshire artist, born Sibsey 1857;
- Medieval crosses (Dunsby);
- Welton cross;
- Lincolnshire woods;
- Stamford tapestry;
- Beehive Inn, Grantham;
- C B Nunnington (obituary);
- Documents referring to wheat, flour and bread.
Horncastle and District Baptists
J N Clarke
Betjeman's Lincolnshire Church (St Mary's, Huttoft)
The evaluation of clergy livings - with Lincolnshire examples
South Kyme priory: stained and painted glass
The story of Helpringham School (Part 2)
A J Ashton
- Lincolnshire woodlands;
- Matthew Flinders;
- John Reynolds Anthony, planner (obituary);
- 'Three Queens' public house;
- Lincoln Science Day School;
- Halstead Hall;
- Lincolnshire Regiment Museum.
The story of Helpringham School (Part 2)
A J Ashton
Zeppelin Raid on Sleaford, 31 January 1916
Memories of World War I in Wainfleet
J E Swaby
Maundy Money comes to Lincoln
- Betty Coy (Obituary);
- SLHA Visit to Goole Docks;
- William Marwood, Public Hangman of Horncastle;
- John Harris and country houses;
- Sir Neil Cossons at Alstom in Lincoln.
A railway tease (a hoax advert for a railway project in 1845)
King Stephen and the Zeppelin (rescue off the Lincolnshire coast in 1916)
Correspondence from/to William Marwood of Horncastle, executioner (original documents)
A technical education in Lincoln in 1902
An early reference to tobacco pipes at Stamford
- Raithby Chapel;
- Hewitt's Mill, Heapham;
- Flinder's Bicentenary medal;
- Deeping St James market cross;
- Leather bottle (jack) and black boy bust in Lincoln;
- Richard Lawton Gales, poet, Gedney;
- Greenwich meridian markers;
- Gainsborough, Stamford and Boston libraries;
- Lost water towers (Mablethorpe, Quadring).
Gainsborough Library remembered (personal recollections)
The reliability of farm names on Bryant's map of Lincolnshire 1828
Robert Wheeler & Joan Mills
Jews' Court and the Jew's House
Industrial Archaeology visit to North Yorkshire (near Staithes)
C19 religious history of Swaby
Bardney before 1940 (a personal recollection)
Touches of Tennyson (a variety of incidents and connections)
J E Swaby
- Poachers at Heckington (1834);
- Local history summer school, 1938;
- Font at St Denys church, Silk Willoughby.
Crown Mill (Le Tall's Mill), Lincoln
C19 documents about South Ormsby and Driby
Rich trade in poor things (documents from Stamford Mercury 1800-10)
Personal recollections of Irby Top Farm, near Laceby
Ruby M Clark
Thoroton Society and SLHA : report of a joint event
- Activities at Jews' Court;
- W H Chester steam engine;
- Water towers at Billingborough, Brigg, Burton Pedwardine, and others;
- Field names;
- Mother Carey's chickens;
- Stout family of Bassingham;
- WWI tank models;
- Cathedral library improvements;
- Obituaries: Michael Pointer (Grantham industrial history writer), Duke of Rutland, Jeremy Elwes;
- Sleaford and Gainsborough cinemas;
- City and County Museum;
- Kirkby on Bain church (1801).
Historic buildings at risk in Lincolnshire
Our Old Town revisited (Thomas Miller's 1857 book about Gainsborough)
Brief WW2 career of Derek Clinkard, New Zealander, who flew from RAF Hemswell
St Benedict's Square, Lincoln
Help for the historian - sources about C19 changes to towns and villages
Making up history (with reference to Market Rasen)
Memories of a boy at the Records Office
Finger (direction) signposts in Lindsey
- Fonts at St Mary, Tetford, and St Mary Magdalen, Rothwell;
- Origins of Friends of Gainsborough Old Hall;
- Steam engine by W H Chester of Lincoln;
- Croob or curb used by well diggers;
- Earl's Bridge near Mablethorpe;
- Donkey carts;
- Stoke Rochford College of Education film, c1960;
- Lincolnshire glazier in Kings Lynn in C15;
- Toynton pots;
- Flinders, Bass and Australia.
Wendy J Atkin
Jubilee of Lincolnshire Archives Office
Dorothy Owen, Dennis Mills, Bob Kershaw
Listed Buildings Information Service
Horncastle Bicycle Club
J N Clarke
The Railway Comes to Market Rasen (150th anniversary)
Tackling Nineteenth Century Local History: suggestions
The Fawssett Family of Holbeach, Horncastle, Louth, etc
Henry James Herbert Dyer (1902-1995): obituary
The Silk Willoughby Pig Club
- Lincolnshire Old Churches Trust;
- Crowland's glass tower (proposed visitor centre for the Abbey);
- Ordnance Survey maps and the Charles Close Society;
- A T E Lawrence trail by bicycle;
- Interment of Sir Frank Whittle's ashes at Cranwell;
- Award of OBE to Geoff Bryant, WEA tutor organiser at Barton on Humber;
- Deeping St James tithe barn (photographs, 1963);
- An early record of fenland soils;
- Lincolnshire lavatory doors (illustrated);
- Meaning of the word "ollier";
- Hudson's bus company, Horncastle;
- John Francis of Silver Street, Lincoln;
- Burgh le Marsh Local History Day;
- Great-Grandmother Cooling's Christmas Plum Pudding (origin and recipe);
- Church fonts (Thorganby and Barnoldby le Beck);
- Steam Engine Builders of Lincolnshire (launch of reissue of Ronald Clark's book);
- Two Gainsborough concidences;
- Medieval coffin at Pinchbeck.
Rex C Russell
Lincolnshire Ladies (Sarah Annne Swift, Katherine Swynford, and many more)
Cold War Revelations (ROC at Fiskerton)
A rabid dog and seven children
St Mary's Church, Riseholme: a special service
G F Sleight
Airfield control tower, Fulbeck
Year Eight's (Walton Girls' High School, Grantham,) history experience
- Illustrations of windmills by Karl Wood;
- RAF Waddington Air Show;
- 617 Squadron events;
- Drawings of fonts (Grainsby and Swallow);
- Barnetby inventories;
- The word "gipple";
- Rhyme about safety of ice;
- Banks of Silver Street, Lincoln;
- Meaning of term "OLAS";
- Beef eating contest, 1931;
- Cattle plague 1747;
- Severe weather in Sleaford area, 1918;
- RAF Digby Operations Room Museum.
A J Ashton
Memoirs of Charles Gunthorpe: 1830s - 1860s (original document)
Some Lincolnshire religious censuses
The union of benefices (Lincolnshire examples)
J E Swaby
The parish of St Michael on the Mount, Lincoln
Memories of the Second World War in Grantham
- National Wildlife and Farming Award;
- Gainsborough commemorative plaques;
- Alterations at Butlin's, Skegness;
- RAF Digby Operations Room;
- Violent weather near Surfleet in 1871;
- Meaning of the word "gipple" or "gappel";
- Spalding-Sleaford railway;
- Museum of Entertainment;
- Charles Hodgson Fowler, architect, 1840-1910;
- Spring-heeled jacks;
- Medieval tile from Revesby;
- Gascoyne winged lions;
- Sutton Bridge song, 1783;
- Illustration of font at Great Limber;
- Holy wells in Lincolnshire.
- Arthur Pentelow, local historian;
- David Roberts, architectural historian;
- Geoffrey Taylor, archaeologist.
Survey of Wigford (Lincoln)
Lincoln Urban Archaeological Database
Chain Home Radar Station,RAF Stenigot
Learning can be fun (at Gainsborough Old Hall)
A cautionary tale (set in Gainsborough), first published in 1942
Lincoln's Nineteenth Century Working Class Housing
Archaeology from the air - report on one-day conference
Chris Sturman (1950-1997), Teacher, scholar and historian
- Glanville's cottage (near Tattershall);
- Growing flax and peppermint;
- Henry Burton of Stamford (photographer);
- Henry Teague of Lincoln (water engineer);
- Spring-heeled Jack;
- Visit to RAF Cranwell;
- Lincolnshire haslet;
- Origin of word gipple;
- Ewerby cross;
- Lincolnshire Gang;
- Poetry of Charles Tennyson Turner;
- Signposts for C roads;
- Edward Ingledew, ironfounder of Gainsborough;
- Recruiting for the Navy from Lincolnshire villages;
- Poem about the excise man.
Joan and Dennis Mills
The Fossdyke Navigation 1741-1846 : the era of the Ellisons
Articles of the 1960s from The Church Times under the heading '100 Year Ago'
J E Swaby
Billy Wright (of Gainsborough) and his Donkey
Woodcraft by Emma Chambers of Ruskington
Eric Spurr of Boston (farmer); Tom Hayes, aerial photographer.
- Ewerby cross;
- Lincolnshire weather (tornadoes);
- Medieval burials at Boston, Old Sleaford, Deepings;
- Joseph Ruston (centenary of death);
- Fulbeck Hall;
- Gainsborough and District Heritage Centre;
- Contractors for the poor (Thimbleby, Horncastle).
Waterways and their uses in Lincolnshire
Rev Arthur Roland Maddison, 1843-1912, antiquarian - a brief biography
False start or trial run - story in Lincolnshire dialect
Westgate School, Lincoln: a brief history
The Kirton in Lindsey Society: 1986-1997
Gleaning in Stamford's open fields (original document, 1838)
- Sandar's maltings, Gainsborough;
- St Rumbold's church, Lincoln;
- Bouncing bombs and Grantham;
- Right Revd David Cartwright (d 1997) and Lincolnshire;
- Roy Reynolds of Louth and his ancestor, Sir Joshua Reynolds;
- Great-great-grandson of Sir George Gilbert Scott;
- Fatal accident of Witham ferry at Washingborough, 1916;
- Fast train at Market Rasen;
- Church Building Society archives;
- Medieval coins at Grantham; Victoria Inn, Sleaford;
- Modern street names;
- Marriage advice (poem);
- Drawing of workings of church clock.
River Trips on the River Trent
Four Brothers and a Name: Field Flowers (1804-1877) of Tealby
Jean Fanthorpe and Jim Murray
Lincolnshire Mills Group: a progress report
The Case of the House Detectives (Dunsby)
Lincolnshire and the empire : wireless communication
- Sutton Marsh;
- T E Lawrence in the RAF;
- Fast train at Market Rasen;
- Tank traps in Nettleham Road, Lincoln;
- Sutton swing bridge centenary;
- Peppermint distillery, Market Deeping;
- Thomas Treadgold and Stephen Langton;
- Flax growing in Spalding area;
- Ada Mayfield and Sturton by Stow;
- Local History Summer School at Stamford, 1938;
- Half-timbered church at Gosberton Clough;
- Matthew Flinders' cat;
- Trees in the Fens;
- Exceptional weather in Quadring, Wootton and Holbeach, various dates.
- Oliver Anderson, journalist and author;
- John C Mossop, solicitor and amateur archaeologist;
- Jean and Fred Shaw of East Keal
Barton on Humber Literary Institute
Two Clock Towers and Several Et Ceteras (Skegness and Wainfleet)
I Remember Kirton in Holland
Eastgate (Louth) Revolutionised (local newspaper article 1859)
- Statue of George III, Dunston Pillar;
- Jurdan Cross, Rippingale, Claypole;
- Arthur Strange and Mark Tomlinson, and a quicksand rescue;
- Wildfowl decoys; House of Correction gatehouse, Folkingham;
- Bricks and tiles at Heckington Fen.
A J Wilkinson
The Equestrian Statue of Charles II at Gautby
The Survey of Lincoln
What is the Churches Conservation Trust?
Lawrence of Arabia's Lincolnshire Posting
Peter J Gray
Heights of Folly (Lincoln Cathedral spires)
Lincoln Celebrates 150 years of Railways
- Down-town, uphill;
- Sutton Marsh;
- leaford Bowling Club;
- S Holy wells;
- Eaus and ees;
- Clock towers;
- 19C travelling theatre and Thomas Manly;
- W H Wheeler, drainage engineer and historian;
- Royal Anglian Regiment.
- Kenneth Roy Fennell,
- Tom Barnes of Billingborough;
- Amateur archaeologist;
- Leslie Heeler, former Town Clerk, Grimsby;
- Harold C R Porter of Boston;
- Win Stokes, Lincoln.
Simon Pawley and Alison Peach
Hall Close, Hough on the Hill (an archaeological survey)
G G Grylls
The Small Farm, with Special Reference to Victorian Lincolnshire
A Fertile Field in which to labour (historic farm buildings)
Old Farm Buildings in a New Landscape
The Lincolnshire Coast in 1860
- The Manterfield line;
- Long Bennington electricity;
- Fleet Coy Bridge;
- Torksey railway viaduct;
- Scredington war memorials;
- Plough Jags quotation;
- Battle of Ancaster Heath;
- Beaumont House, ladies' seminary, Lincoln;
- Earl & Lawrence, auctioneers, 1867-1960;
- Hawerby Hall and Cadeby Hall;
- Pocohontas postcard;
- Spital in the Street Chapel restoration;
- Aerial photogrpahs of Grimsby, 1936;
- Archaeology at Boston Hospital site, Sutterton and Deeping St James.
- Hugh Thompson, 1923-1995, archaeologist.
Joan & Dennis Mills
Templars in the Fens
Lincolnshire Tales I Have Read (The Gypsy Parson, Tales of a Lincolnshire Antiquary, More Folklore Round Horncastle)
J E Swaby
Four Men and a Boat (William Hillary, Charles Tennyson, Duke of Sussex, Colonel Wildman)
Visit to Nettleton Mines (17 September 1995)
Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction and the Consistory Court
200 Years of Methodist Local Preaching
Recollections of the Ancaster Area
- Trawlermen in WW1;
- Manterfield family;
- A ship called The Providence;
- Glass's chimney sweeping machine;
- Sir Aston Webb (1849-1930) & Edward Ingress Bell(1836-1914);
- Holy Wells;
- Eaus and ees; defence structure survey;
- Battle of Ancaster Heath;
- Blankney Hall;
- Sugar beet factory, Spalding;
- Lincolnshire photographers;
- Haconby Baptist and Primitive Methodist Chapel;
- Land Tax Assessments indexing.
- Laurence Elvin (1913-1995), historian (especially church organs), photographer, librarian.
John Stehpenson: A Powerful Man: Part II (more local verse, 1870)
The County Illustrations Index
Soldier, Sailor, Beggarman, Thief: Recruiting Docks Police at Immingham, 1916
The Butcher, the Baker, the Candlestick Maker: a Study of Occupations in Spalding in 1642
Happy Days at No. 4 (Lincoln LEA Education Office)
Tales (from Ashby, Scampton, Wainfleet, Louth, Scunthorpe, Alford, Withern, Uffington) told to me
J E Swaby
Scheme for Skeggy (dialect story)
- Bone floors and cockpits;
- Holy wells;
- 15-17 Bridge Street, Horncastle;
- A museum for Lincoln;
- The Taverner Memorial;
- Francis Johnson (1911-1995) architect.
The Founding Fathers of the City School, Lincoln
Scunthorpe & District War Memorial
David J Taylor
An American Dream (replica in Virginia of Tennyson's Somersby birthplace) : 1927 article
An Echo of the 'Forty-Five' (Maidenwell connection)
First Aid at the Seaside (1880s)
Lincolnshire's Contribution to Upper-Air Investigations
R W Phillips
Laying the Foundation of Louth Railway Station (Lincolnshire Chronicle account, July 1847)
- Animal bone floors;
- Lincolnshire bookplates;
- Saltfleetby St Clements Rectory;
- Lincoln Red Society;
- The Day of Judgement is Nigh (see LPP20);
- Manor house at Bassingham;
- South Humberside Record Office (Grimsby) - summary of deposits
Windmills and Wildlife
Memories of Legsby
John Albert Rands
Rural Life in Lincolnshire 60 years ago
W M Childs
A Change in the Landscape (Adamantine Clay Works, Little Bytham)
The Day of Judgement is Nigh (copy of 1819 broadsheet with reference to Gainsborough)
The Ropsley Foxe (and Bishop Richard Foxe)
Lancaster W4778 (from 44 Sqaudron, Dunholme Lodge)
- School visit to RAF 1939;
- Brigg to Lincoln tramway proposal, 1881;
- Tom Lidgett's trip to Glasgow;
- Sheep bone floors & cock pits (Blyborough, Grayingham, Willoughton, Mumby).
I Remember (memories of Old Leake)
A W Speck
Sir Eustace H W Tennyson D'Eyncourt (1868-1951): A great naval architect
Tithe Maps : Evidence from Linwood and Normanby-le-Wold
Home Guard Exercise (report from Scopwick Platoon, c1940)
Tom Lidgett's Trip to Glasgow (poem)
- Award of MBE to Dr Dorothy Owen and festschrift;
- New accessions to Lincolnshire Archives;
- Article about Lincolnshire in the Spectator;
- Alford Drainage Museum;
- Bourne Civic Society;
- Lincolnshire Mills Group;
- Plant folklore (several examples);
- Meaning of 'Quaggy';
- Horncastle advert (Beedall's).
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material (part 26)
Driby, Drinsey Nook, Dry Doddington, Dunholme, Dunsby St Andrew.
- Sheila Sancha: author, historian, illustrator
Terence R Leach
When I'm in Gainsborough and When I'm in London (Sir Hickman Bacon, 1855-1945)
Tithe Awards: their Value to Local Historians (Part 2)
Lincolnshire Tithe Files
Northolme or Wainfleet St Thomas
J E Swaby
Antiquarianism at the Turn of the Century (Rev Malcolm Bush Wynne)
Heavy Floods in Lincolnshire in 1897
Grimsby and its Butterfly Bombs: Fragments of the Whole Picture
- Lincolnshire Theses (recent additions);
- Smallpox - LAO references;
- Plant folklore
- Lincolnshire weather (C19 at Orford, Binbrook).
The Pilgrim College Archive (Lincolnshire folk songs)
Some Early Notes on the Baptist Communities in Horncastle and District
J Norman Clarke
Sheep Bone Floor on Summer House at Avenue Farm, Sutton Bridge
Beryl Jackson and Pat Jakes
The White Hart Hotel, Spalding: absentee owners and property developers of the past
Folkingham Day, 9 April 1994 (village study with talks)
- HMS Comus on the River Plate, 1847;
- St Editha and St Modwen and the Marmions;
- Bryan Browning, architect;
- Plant folklore;
- Lincolnshire holy wells;
- To pike the bells;
- William Logsdail exhibition at the Usher Gallery;
- Bottle from Wesleyan School, Grantham.
- C L Anderson of Horncastle, author and local historian
J S English
The True Authorship of the History of Scampton
Terence R Leach
The Winceby Stone (how it was lifted and moved)
Directions in Documentary Work on the Lincolnshire Fenland
Early Lincolnshhire Connections with America
C L Anderson
On the Rocks: A South American Adventure (HMS Comus in 1847)
The Wheels of Chance: Notes on a Source for ther History of Roads (The British Road Book, 1897)
Village Co-operatives in Lincolnshire
Social Conditions of Grimsby's Seamen in 1936
- Lincolnshire weather - Horncastle thunderstorm, 1898
- Grantham bellringers;
- Welbourn whirlwind, 1666;
- Lincoln Red Cattle Society centenary;
- Wykeham Chapel, Spalding;
- Creasey's History of Sleaford.
Lincolnshire Bookplates (4 significant examples, illustrated)
Bell Letters (correspondence between Henry Winn and Thomas North)
Memorials to Servants (from Lincolnshire churchyards)
Terence Leach & Hilary Healey
A Visit to Laceby (by William Gardner of Leicester in early C19)
Winceby: A Possible Tennyson Connection
The Author of Creasey's History of Sleaford, 1825 (Dr Richard Yerburgh)
Battle of Winceby (further notes)
- Tuxford's creeing machine (1837);
- WW1 Lincolnshire service medals;
- Bryan Browning, architect of Bourne Town Hall and Folkingham House of Correction;
- OS maps of Lincolnshire;
- Beales family of Spalding (radio and cycle retailer);
- Mansion House, Holbeach;
- Lincolnshire Coast Shipwreck Association;
- Castle Bytham railway bridge;
- Mystery pictures of motor accident, c1920;
- Grantham bellringers (photo).
- Lawrence Bond, Grantham architect;
- Noel Farnsworth of Alford;
- Mary Dudding, artist, Winteringham;
- Peter Rollin, archaologist.
W M Childs
Anglo-Saxon England & the work of Sir Frank Stenton
Sempringham: A Fitting Memorial for a Lincolnshire Saint (Gilbert)
Ship-wrecked on the Lincolnshire Coast (c1800 first hand description)
The L'Oste Family of Louth in the Nineteenth Century
John Twigg of Tothby (1887-1960): a local character
The Rebuilding of Stallingborough Church, c1780
'Christmas Remembered' : a Lincolnshire Dialect Story
J E Swaby
The First Lincolnshire Rifle Volunteers Taking a March down the River Witham on Skates (1861) : Contemporary press report
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material (part 24)
Denton, Derrythorpe, Dexthorpe, Digby, Doddington, Dry Doddington, Dogdyke, Donington, Donington-on-Bain.
- 'Honest' John Maxey of Tathwell;
- glossary of local words in Grimsby area;
- SLHA study day in Alvingham; Sheepwash Farm, 1912;
- Battle of Winceby;
- Boxing Day meet in Sleaford;
- Bishopbridge and Kingerby Hall.
Grantham Archaeology Group
Sarah Sophia Banks, Sister of Sir Joseph Banks
'Blackberries' : A Lincolnshire Dialect Story
The Collection of Briefs: Examples from Uffington and Extracts on Lincolnshire Briefs
J E Swaby
Oral History Recordings in the South Humberside Area Record Office
Cast Iron Milestones
The Husseys, The Carres and The Lincolnshire Rising
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material (part 24)
Crowle, Croxby, Croxton, Culverthorpe, Cumberworth, Cuxwold, Dalby, Dalderby, Dawsmere (Gedney), The Deepings.
- Sea monster from Fosdyke (1743);
- Julian Bower, Horncastle;
- Film of Boxing Day meet, c1950;
- well at Stainton Le Vale;
- Uffington Bridge;
- Eleanor Cross fragment at Stamford;
- Monksthorpe Baptist Church;
- Historic Chapels Trust;
- Land Settlement Association, Fulney.
Lady Godiva, The Book and Washingborough
'The Great Resort for Sea Bathing': Saltfleet and The New Inn
John Wilkinson of Tealby (1824-1907): Missionary to the Jews
Uffington Bridge : a Conundrum
News from Friskney, 1868 (a family letter)
Brian T Thornalley
Kangaroos in Lincolnshire : a Further Note (C19 records)
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material (part 23)
Cranwell, Creeton, Croft, Crosby, Crowland.
- Battle of Winceby, 1643;
- Skull and bones found at Threekingham, 1827;
- Coffin found at Stamford, 1830;
- Gas comes to Gainsborough and skeleton found, 1825;
- Lincolnshire long wool and rope making, 1808;
- Death of George Tennyson's gardener at 103 in 1810;
- Death of Joseph Banks's mother, 1804;
- A Methodist letter, 1826;
- North Lincolnshire Election Squib, 1841;
- The Beacon, Donna Nook;
- Charles Ward's Brickworks, Cross O'Cliff Hill, Lincoln' consecration of Heighington Church;
- Herbert Ingram's grave;
- The Dower House, Irnham;
- George Herbert and Lincoln;
- John Clare and Lincoln;
- Shrove Tuesday in Crowland, 1826.
Grantham's Unofficial Flying Meeting
The L'Oste Family of Louth in the Eighteenth Century
Lincolnshire and the Empire - Wireless Communication
Rolling Stones (boundary stones)
The Lincolnshire Trotters (horses)
A Museum of Drainage (at Anderby)
The D'Arcy Family in Domesday and in relation to Nocton Priory
Death and inquest of Matthew Walker, labourer of Metheringham (newspaper report, 1861)
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material (part 22)
Cockerington (North and South), Cold Hanworth, Coleby (Kesteven), Coleby (Lindsey), Colsterworth, Coningsby, Conisholme, Corby Glen, Corringham, Counthorpe, Covenham, Cowbit, Cowbridge (near Boston), Craiselound.
- Barton on Humber National School;
- 51 Fleetgate, Barton on Humber;
- William Pendrill of Revesby;
- Sibthorpe family in Norway;
- Rev Henry Griffin Parrish of Leake;
- Brickworks at Cross O'Cliff and Bracebridge and a slaughter house (Lincoln);
- Beacon, Donna Nook;
- John Betts, violin maker, Stamford;
- Commercial Road, Barnetby Le Wold;
- Spilsby Grammar School, Revd Isaac Russell;
- Uffington Park Estate;
- Holbeck Manor;
- Raithby Methodist Chapel;
- Holland House, Spalding;
- WW2 and escape in wooden horse.
Dr Charles Plumpton, 1920-1993, mathematician.
Spalding: Some Aspects of Population Change 1851-1881
Goy's Store: 120 Years Service to Tealby
James Fowler: Architect and First Citizen of Louth
Village History in the Scopwick Area
A Cautionary Tale (a valuable book thrown out in 1844)
A Puritan Vicar in Tetney (Martin Finch)
J E Swaby
Geoffrey of Monmouth: the Lincolnshire Connection
C P C Johnson
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 21
Casewick, Cawkwell, Cawthorpe (Bourne), Little Cawthorpe, Caythorpe, Chapel St Leonards, Cheale, Cherry Willingham, Claxby ( Alford), Claxby ( near Market Rasen), Claypole, Claythorpe, Cleatham, Clee, Clixby, Coates by Syow, Great Coates, Little Coates, North Coates.
- Weather, Stamford Butchers' Shambles, Stamford gas lighting, excavation at Torksey, Irby Hall, bell-ringing at Edenham, balls at Saltfleetby All Saints, stove at St James's Church Louth, Alford church lighting, new church at Wainfleet All Saints - news items from C19 Stamford Mercury;
- Redundant Churches Fund in Lincolnshire;
- Isaac Newton and new British Library;
- Joseph Banks Archive Project.
Dr John Conolly (1794-1866): the Tennyson Connection
Terence R Leach
The Tennyson Research Centre
Christopher Turnor, G F Watts and the Tennyson Statue
Terence R Leach
Tennyson's Gift to Lincoln Cathedral
Terence R Leach
Aristocratic Landscapes: Bayons Manor and the Tennyson D'Eyncourts
The Somersby and Bag Enderby Estate
Terence R Leach
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 20
Bag Enderby, Grasby, Somersby, Tealby.
- A Tennyson souvenir teaspoon (advert, c1910);
- J M W Turner's mistress;
- South Bar United Reformed Church, Lincoln, archives;
- Two houses associated with Tennyson (Dalby Hall, Halton Holegate rectory);
- Centenary of birth in Caistor of Bernard Lord Manning;
- Pewter flagons;
- Buildings at risk;
- Professor Clifford Darby;
- Arnold Wigham Burtt;
- John Bergne-Coupland;
- Brownlow archives;
- Revesby Abbey;
- Tennyson's house, Mablethorpe (illustrations).
The Alford Fight (1645): Fact or Fiction? (Part 2)
Shiddukim-Tenna'im (betrothal) at Jews' Court, 1992
Public Health and Landed Influence in Late-Nineteenth Century Sleaford
Edith Isabel Nicholson, 1873-1952, Artist and Teacher
Betty M Boyden
Who and What was Edmund Boulter? (founder of school in Newball or Stainton by Langworth)
A Glimpse of Lincolnshire on 1637 (journey of Rev Thomas Master)
A C Sinclair
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 19
Calceby, Calcethorpe, Cammeringham, Candlesby, Canwick, Careby, Carlby, Castle Carlton, Great Carlton, Carlton-le-Moorland, Little Carlton, Middle Carlton, North Carlton, Carlton Scroop, South Carlton, Carrington
- Mystery picture; post cards of Old Bolingbroke by J D Wheeldon;
- Lincolnshire local history groups;
- Turkish archaeology;
- World War I memorials;
- Buckworth family and Dembleby;
- The Wadd, Great Coates;
- war memorial, East Kirkby;
- Aunsby rectory;
- GNR railings;
- J M W Turner's mistress, Sarah Goose;
- cast-iron signpost, Binbrook;
- Alford fight & Hanby Hall and Thwaite Hall, Welton le Marsh;
- Elizabeth Blount (c1500-c1540) and South Kyme;
- Joseph Dickinson, builder, 47 West Street, Boston;
- large scale OS map of Sleford, 1877;
- Lincolnshire smugglers;
- Miningsby church;
- Saltfleetby St Clement church;
- Dunholme church;
- Sausthorpe Hall;
- Meanburn Staniland, bookseller, Stamford;
- Tennyson Centenary events, 1992;
- Lincolnshire newspapers;
- fire at Harrington Hall, November 1991;
- the Old rectory, Epworth;
- Alkborough maze;
- The Victorian Society;
- The British Sporting Art Trust;
- Holbeach church memorials.
Christopher Sturman & Valerie Purton
Archaeology and the Public: a Perspective from South Lincolnshire
The Smackbuilders of Grimsby
Gladys C Hallett
The "Alford Fight": Fact or Fiction?
Lincolnshire Archaeology Day (report)
Ian George & Kate Steane
Collectors' Pieces: Lincolnshire for Schools
Local History Comes to Hogsthorpe and Langham Row
Terence Leach & Betty Kirkham
Thoughts on the Ordnance Survey and Other Maps
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 18
Butterwick; Caborne, Cadney, Caenby, Caistor.
- Lincolnshire postcards by J D Wheeldon (Cathedral, Teapot Hall, Dalderby;
- World War I mementoes in Welton, Dunholme and Holbeach;
- Boston Street in Marylebone, London;
- Doughty's steam wagon (photo);
- Beating the bounds and procession cross;
- Elizabeth Bromehead and Skegness and Freiston Shore;
- Excavations at Flixborough;
- Death of Harold Christopher Tennyson;
- Duncan Grant paintings at the Usher Gallery, Lincoln;
- Brownlow manuscripts appeal;
- Goltho church;
- Thomas Skepper of Fiskerton.
Haxey at the Turn of the Century
Olive L Grosvenor
Charles Tennyson Turner's "On the Eclipse of the Moon of October 1865"
Excavation of Medieval Hospital Cemetery in Grantham
Dale Trimble, Sue Unsworth and Tony Hurley
Extracts from Mrs Rudkin's Diaries
A Lincoln Childhood
G I Phillips
Skulduggery? (Cranium from Mrs E H Rudkin's collection)
James P Dear
East Midlands and East Anglia Industrial Archaeology Panel
Lincolnshire Places Source Material: Part 17
Burton Coggles, Burton Pedwardine, Burton upon Stather, Burwell, Buslingthorpe, East Butterwick, West Butterwick, Little Bytham, Castle Bytham.
- Miscellaneous contributions for revised 'Pevsner';
- Report of burglary, 1826;
- Scredington packhorse bridge (photo);
- Red Cross ambulance and volunteers, Lincoln, 1914 (photo);
- Doughty, Son & Richardson, steam engine (photo);
- Plymouth Brethren at Sturton by Stow;
- Grantham tank and WW1 memorabilia;
- Sheep wash and wash dyke sites;
- Spital in the Street Chapel, 1889 reopening;
- C17 Kellog family of Lincolnshire;
- Bartram, draper and grocer of Long Sutton;
- Canon Disbrowe of Benington;
- Beales, photographer, of Spalding;
- Beating the bounds at Scopwick, Kirkby Green and Blankney;
- Holy Trinity, Louth (photo);
- Professor Charles Wilson, b Market Rasen;
- Late Professor Maurice Barley;
- Vicars of Sleaford (Henry Allen, William Wyche, William Sellar, Edward Smith, Thomas Sellar);
- National Manuscripts Conservation Trust;
- Lincolnshire Film Archive.
C P C Johnson
Medical Treatment Old Style (Mumby, poor law accounts)
Revd. William Blaxton, The First Proprietor of Boston, Mass.
C L Anderson
Sir Joseph Banks (a Brief Biography)
J Norman Clarke
The Summer Storms of 1883 in Lincolnshire
Archaeology from the Air: A Lincolnshire Pioneer (Captain Rupert de la Bere)
Grantham's Presentation Tank
Aristocratic Landscapes: Brocklesby and the Yarboroughs
Marking Time (bequest of clocks to Usher Gallery by Roy Sargisson)
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 16
Broadholme, Brocklesby, Brothertoft, Broughton, Broxholme, Brumby, Bucknall, Bullington.
- Ice storm, 1893;
- Hole in the Wall, Grimsby (see LP&P No.3);
- Sheep wash and wash dyke sites;
- Cogglesford Mill, Sleaford;
- L'Oste and Brown familes;
- Lady Hawke and Willingham by Stow;
- Smith of Drax and West Rasen;
- Teapot Hall, Dalderby;
- Magna Britannica et Hibernia;
- 7th Earl of Yarborough;
- Canon Elliott of Gainsborough;
- Evan Luard of Blyborough;
- Bell's almhouses, Kingerby;
- Brant Broughton church;
- The Lawn, Lincoln;
- Gainsborough Old Hall and Mayflower Pilgrims;
- Mystery pictures (Lincoln and Boston tradesmen).
Some Early Primitive Methodist Meetings
Rex C Russell
A Methodist Minister's Farm (Allenby of Kenwick Hall and Zechariah Taft)
Terence R Leach
Burgh Le Marsh Sewing Meetings, 1904-14
Navigation House, Sleaford
C J Lester
The Fall and Rise of the English Village : Rural Planning and Technological Change
The English Historic Towns Forum Conference, Lincoln, 1990: Archaeology in Historic Towns
Anglo-Saxon Pottery in Lincolnshire
Alan Vince and Jane Young
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 15
Branston, Brant Broughton, Bratoft, Brattleby, Brauncewell, Brigsley, Brinkhill.
- New Wesleyan Chapel at Grantham, 1840;
- Illustrated biographical puzzle (Wesley);
- Photographs of Hannah Memorial Wesleyan Chapel, Lincoln;
- Poem about Wesleyan Methodist local preachers, Sleaford Circuit, 1845;
- Dunholme Methodist Sunday School treat, 1912;
- Wesleyan Centenary painting of Epworth Rectory fire, 1840;
- The Hole in the Wall public house, Horncastle; great wind, 1627;
- Sheep wash and wash dyke sites;
- L'Oste and Brown families, Pinchbeck;
- Shillingthorpe Park Bridge, Greatford;
- Scankeston and Jordans Croft;
- Poolthorn Farm, Cadney;
- Ralph Lilly of Linwood;
- Anya Seton;
- Two photographs of vicarages;
- Paintings by George Stubbs of dogs of the Vyner family;
- Cold Hanworth font;
- Raithby Chapel.
John Lewis Fytche and the 1866 Lincoln High Sheriff's Ball
A Note on Agricultural Land Use in Lindsey: The 1801 Acreage Returns
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 14
- Bloxholme; Old Bolingbroke; Bonby; Boothby Graffoe; Boothby Pagnell; Bottesford; Braceborough; Bracebridge Heath; Braceby; Brackenborough; Bradley; Brampton; Brandon; Bransby.
- Foss Dyke at Saxilby (photo);
- Murder and robberies in Middle Rasen and Buslingthorpe;
- Lincolnshire Horse Poisoning Prevention Association (1890);
- Robert Gardiner Hill (1811-78) of Louth, surgeon;
- Pinder Drain and Pinder Bridge;
- Lincolnshire dialect words;
- Bells at Riby church, Bishop George Pretyman and the Tomline family;
- Carlton Le Moorland Baptist Chapel;
- Lincoln Date Book;
- Sacrilege at Mablethorpe;
- Centenary of Faldingworth church;
- Lammas land and dole meadows;
- W H Chester, steam engineer of Monson Street, Lincoln (photo of engine);
- John Jewitt, Lincolnshire born slave;
- Elizabeth Allen and her GP father, Skegness;
- The Lincoln Magna Carta;
- Raithby Methodist Chapel;
- Origins of Wigford;
- The Lincoln Handicap;
- Tathwell church, Hamby Memorial restoration;
- Lincoln street names;
- Cuttings from the Lincoln Herald and Advertiser, 1830
Daniel Waterland (1683-1740): Theologian, born Walesby
Rosemary M Oliver
The Lincolnshire Family Portraits Index
Terence R Leach
Lincolnshire Church Bell Inscriptions and the Effect of Change
John R Ketteringham
Two Disasters at Bassingham (flood, 1912, and gale, 1908)
Terence R Leach
Collectors' Pieces: The Lincoln Date Book, 1866
Lincolnshire Places - Source Material: Part 13
Bleasby, Bloxholme, Blyborough, Blyton, Old Bolingbroke.
(Part 1 - 12 were published in the SLHA Newsletters prior to 1990.)
- Burglaries at Barnetby le Wold, 1818, and Mablethorpe, 1822;
- Nainby family and Waddington;
- Hopkins of Brandy Carr;
- Revd William Henry Brockfield and Tennyson;
- Cuthbert Bede;
- Cowslip peeps (separate blossoms of a cluster);
- Cosh and pea harvest;
- The King's Master Falconer and Sir Anthony Pell of Dembleby;
- Thomas Nicholson of Cadney;
- Hanthorpe House near Bourne;
- Redundant Churches Fund;
- Scawby stables;
- James Fowler architect of Louth;
- Friends of Bardney Abbey;
- Northorpe Hall and Thornton Hall;
- Tattershall Church;
- Louth Museum;
- Mrs Eva Farmery, local historian and author;
- Marjorie Woods of Wyberton;
- Late Edward Brandreth Woodruffe Peacock of Cadney;
- Elizabeth Allan, actrees, born Skegness;
- William Henry Wheeler and his history of the Fens;
- Memorial inscriptions in Syston, Grantham;
- Poster of sale of estate at Bicker.