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Tattershall
 
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall

Hidden in the woodland of Tattershall Carr are many reminders of RAF Woodhall

"The woods were used as part of RAF Woodhall Spa, and housed the famous 617 (Dambusters) squadron for most of the war along with several other RAF regiments.

Many remnants from this period are clearly visible in the wood, including Air-raid shelters, sewerage ejector houses, fire ponds, tracks and transformer bases"

https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/media/46879/4292-tattershall-carrs.pdf 

Similar structures also visible in the neighbouring woodland of Tattershall Thorpe Carr. "Tattershall Carrs is one of the last remaining remnants of ancient wet alder-dominated woodland that once ringed the margins of the Fens"

DB 23 August 2020

Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall

Interior of one of the air raid shelters in Tattershall Carr.

DB 23 August 2020

Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall, air raid shelter
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall

Another reminder of RAF Woodhall hidden in Tattershall Carr.

DB 23 August 2020

Tattershall Carr, RAF Woodhall
Tattershall Castle
Tattershall Castle
Tattershall Castle

An illustration of Tattershall Castle in romantic style at about the time of its restoration by Lord Curzon of Kedleston in 1911.

The huge red brick keep, 110 ft high, was part of an extensive castle built by Ralph Lord Cromwell in c1435.

The upper parts of the building were designed for defence - contrary to most great houses of the day, but possibly reflecting Cromwell's great power and unpopularity (Pevsner).

Postcard, c1910

Tattershall, castle, Ralph Cromwell, Lord Curzon,
Tattershall Castle
Tattershall Castle
Tattershall Castle

Aerial view of the castle.

postcard issued by Jack Braithwaite of Leeds, date uncertain

Tattershall, castle, Jack Braithwaite
Tattershall Castle
Tattershall Castle
Tattershall Castle
A fanciful reconstruction of the castle depicted in a postcard issued by Walter Scott of Bradford.
Tattershall, castle, Walter Scott
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower

"Tattershall Castle has its origins in either a stone castle or a fortified manor house, built by Robert de Tattershall in 1231.

This was largely rebuilt in brick, and greatly expanded, by Ralph, 3rd Lord Cromwell, Treasurer of England, between 1430 and 1450"

"Of Lord Cromwell's castle, the 130 foot (40 metre) high Great Tower and moat still remain.

It is thought that the castle's three state rooms were once splendidly fitted out and the chambers were heated by immense Gothic fireplaces with decorated chimney pieces and tapestries"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tattershall_Castle,_Lincolnshire  

Viewed from the northeast. 

DB 28 August 2019

Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower

Great Tower viewed from the west.

White's Directory of Lincolnshire 1856 states :-

"A little to the S.W. of the town, stand the remains of TATTERSHALL CASTLE, which was erected about the year 1440, by the Lord Treasurer Cromwell, whose annual expenditure is stated to have been £5000, his household comprising 100 persons; and when be rode to London, he had in his suite generally 120 horsemen.

He is said to have expended 4000 marks in building the towers of this castle, which was surrounded by two fosses, and a great part of the inner one, faced with brick, still remains.

It was an extensive and formidable fortress, but was dilapidated in the wars between Charles I. and his parliament.

The part now remaining is one of the finest and most perfect specimens of ancient brickwork in the kingdom, being a rectangular tower, 100 feet high, divided into four stories, and flanked by four octagonal turrets.

It is raised on ponderous arches, forming spacious vaults, which extend through the angles of the building, into the bases of the turrets.

The walls are of great thickness; and the windows are of the pointed order, well proportioned, and containing tracery.

In the south-east turret is a staircase of 181 steps, ascending to the top of the fourth story, which was covered by a grand platform, or flat roof, which together with the several floors, is entirely destroyed, though the massive battlements, with the strong arched parapets, are in good preservation.

Three of the turrets are terminated by cones, covered with lead, but the cone of the fourth turret is gone.

On the ground floor is an elegant carved stone chimney piece, embattled and ornamented alternately with arms and treasury purses, with the motto, "nay je droit.""

DB 28 August 2019

Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower

Great Tower viewed edge on from the south.

"Castle, now monument owned by National Trust. c.1440 built for Ralph Cromwell, Lord High Treasurer, on site of castle built by Robert Tateshale in 1231.

Restored in 1911-25 by Lord Curzon.

Red brick tower in English bond, with darker lattice lozenge decorations to upper parts, ashlar dressings, leaded roofs" 

DB 25 June 2018

Tattershall Castle, Great Tower
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (-1), Basement
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (-1), Basement
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (-1), Basement

Local signage states :-

"The basement is a low vaulted cellar with a well in the center of the room (Now blocked up, capped with square tiles) and contains four lockable side rooms.

The room in the east wall contains two aumbries (wall cupboards) for extra storage.

Due to its location, close to the original stone Great Hall outside, it is most likely that this was the buttery cellar for storing ale and wine. 

The walls here are the thickest in the castle, at 4.25 metres.

This room is said to have been a prison during the Civil War" 

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall Castle, Basement
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (0), Parlour
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (0), Parlour
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (0), Parlour

Local signage states :-

"The Parlour is a separate room not linked to the private chambers of the rest of the Keep, marking it as a public space.

The High Steward would run the estate from inside this room" 

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall Castle, Parlour
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (0), Parlour, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (0), Parlour, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (0), Parlour, Fireplace

"Ground floor parlour has fine chimney piece of Ancaster stone bearing shields of Lord Cromwell and his ancestors"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1215317 

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Castle, Fireplace, chimney piece
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (1), Great Hall
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (1), Great Hall
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (1), Great Hall

Local signage states :-

"The Great Hall would have been Lord Cromwell's private dining room for immediate family, honoured guests and the higher status servants.

The high table, where Lord and Lady Cromwell would have sat, is on the blank north wall. There are four stone corbels sunk into the wall that would have held a canopy marking the high table"  

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall Castle, Great Hall
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (1), Great Hall, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (1), Great Hall, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (1), Great Hall, Fireplace

"The chimney piece is elaborately carved with grotesque heads on the capitals at either end.

In the spandrels are representative carvings, and the panel across the lintel has armorial shields, brattished top with frieze of fleurons"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1215317 

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall Castle, Great Hall, Fireplace, chimney piece
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Audience Chamber
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Audience Chamber
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Audience Chamber

Local signage states :-

"The second floor was designed specifically for ceremony and grandeur and differs entirely from the rest of the Keep.

It contains the only corridor in the Keep in order to make the visitor take the longest path to greet Lord Cromwell"

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Castle, Audience Chamber
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Dovecote
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Dovecote
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Dovecote

Local signage in the Audience Chamber states :-

"The south east turret contains an eighteenth century dovecote built by farmers during the castles ruination inside what was the entrance room to Lord Cromwell's private garderobe.

The wood and clay dovecote contains 250 nest boxes"

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Castle, dovecote
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Tracery
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Tracery
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (2), Tracery

The hall on the second floor of Tattershall Castle has a fine chimney-piece on the west wall. (This is one of the pieces famously rescued at the eleventh hour from export to USA by Lord Curzon).

Heraldic shields are carved in a band above the opening and this representation of a purse appears in the panel tracery, reflecting Ralph Cromwell's office.

Ralph Cromwell was the Treasurer of England in 1433 at the time of the castle's construction.


Ken Redmore, 2010

Tattershall, castle, Thomas Cromwell, purse, treasurer,
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (3), Private Chamber
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (3), Private Chamber
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (3), Private Chamber

Local signage states :-

"The third floor was reserved for Lord Cromwell's own private use.

See the arch of the fireplace decorated with the Gromwell weed. This was used by Cromwell as a decorative pun or 'rebus' on his own name.

This chamber would also have been used as a withdrawing room or bower by the ladies of the castle"

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Castle, Private Chamber
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (3), Private Chamber, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (3), Private Chamber, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower (3), Private Chamber, Fireplace

Another fine chimney piece.

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1215317 

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Castle, Private Chamber, Fireplace
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, Roof
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, Roof
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, Roof

The defensive structure above the 3 principal floors of Tattershall Castle consists of two low storeys, the lower of which is mainly open to the sky.

The arrangement and design of arcaded galleries along the four sides are quite common in castles of the period in France but are relatively rarely found in England. 

Ken Redmore, 2010

Tattershall, Castle, roof, galleries, arcades,
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, View from Roof
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, View from Roof
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, View from Roof

The much admired view from the parapet walk of Tattershall Castle, looking east.

To the left in the middle distance is the guard house situated at the NE corner of the Outer Bailey.

To the right is the fine Perpendicular church of Holy Trinity.

Ken Redmore, 2010

Tattershall, Castle, guard house, church,
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, View from Roof
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, View from Roof
Tattershall Castle, Great Tower, View from Roof

Three towers of Lincoln Cathedral visible 16.9 miles (27.2 km) to the northwest.

Also possible to see Boston Stump (St Botolph's Church) 11 miles (17.75 km) in the opposite direction.

DB 30 August 2018 

Tattershall Castle, Lincoln Cathedral, view
Tattershall Castle, Moat
Tattershall Castle, Moat
Tattershall Castle, Moat

Tattershall Castle had two moats. The Bridge shown here gave access to the Inner Bailey.

The guard house at the NE corner of the Outer Bailey also survives and today houses the National Trust entrance and shop, also a small museum.

Ken Redmore, 2010

Tattershall, Castle, moat, guard house, National Trust,
Tattershall Castle, Stable Block
Tattershall Castle, Stable Block
Tattershall Castle, Stable Block

"Reputedly stable block, now ruins. c.1440"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1215319 

Local signage states :-

"This two storey building would have been home to the Master of the Horse and other minor officers.

Accommodation would have been on the first floor and the horses kept on the ground floor where a gully runs down the centre for drainage"

DB 28 August 2019

Tattershall Castle, Stable Block
Tattershall, Black Horse, High Street
Tattershall, Black Horse, High Street
Tattershall, Black Horse, High Street

White's Directory of Lincolnshire 1856 lists 6 Inns and Taverns in Tattershall:-

"Black Bull, John Hy. Raithby, and maltster

Black Horse, John Short

Bridge Inn, Robert Hotchkin

Crown, James Kirk

Fortescue Arms,(posting) My.Rhodes

Railway Hotel, George Gollings"

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Black Horse, Public House
Tattershall, Bridge over the River Witham
Tattershall, Bridge over the River Witham
Tattershall, Bridge over the River Witham

John Rennie built this fine red brick bridge at Tattershall over the Witham in 1815 to replace an earlier bridge of c1795 which had collapsed when the river was being dredged.

Stone copings and iron railings were provided in 1920 but removed in 1977.

A new road bridge was built alongside in 1991/92.

Ken Redmore, 2003

Tattershall, Tattershall Bridge, Witham, John Rennie,
Tattershall, Castle Almshouses
Tattershall, Castle Almshouses
Tattershall, Castle Almshouses

"Originally 10, now 5 almshouses. C15 founded by Ralph Cromwell, remodelled C17, altered C19 and C20"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1287752 

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, Castle Almshouses, Ralph Cromwell
Tattershall, Castle Cottages
Tattershall, Castle Cottages
Tattershall, Castle Cottages

"Farmhouse, now 2 cottages. Late C18 with C19 alteration"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1216140 

Viewed from the rear, from the grounds of Tattershall Castle.

DB 28 August 2019 

Tattershall, Castle Cottages, Farmhouse
Tattershall, Fortescue Arms
Tattershall, Fortescue Arms
Tattershall, Fortescue Arms

"Hotel and coach house. C15, early C18, with early C19 and C20 alterations"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1215315

Listed in White's Directory of Lincolnshire 1856 :-

"Fortescue Arms,(posting) My.Rhodes"

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, Fortescue Arms, Hotel, Coach House
Tattershall, Fortescue Arms
Tattershall, Fortescue Arms
Tattershall, Fortescue Arms

Deatail of the sign board.

Earl Fortescue was lord of the manor and built the local Public Elementary School in 1864. His principal seats were Castle Hill, Devonshire, and Ebrington, Gloucestershire.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_Fortescue  

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Fortescue Arms, Hotel, Coach House
Tattershall, Holy Trinity
Tattershall, Holy Trinity
Tattershall, Holy Trinity

The original 15th century stained glass of Holy Trinity has all gone (to St Martin's, Stamford), apart from that now in the east window.

September 2010

Tattershall, Holy Trinity
Tattershall, Holy Trinity
Tattershall, Holy Trinity
Tattershall, Holy Trinity

Founded by Ralph Lord Cromwell in the 15th century, Holy Trinity is an outstanding example of Perpendicular architecture.

The tall, long cruciform building is lit by the many huge windows Ė those at the ends of the transepts being particularly impressive.

September 2010

Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Ralph Lord Cromwell, Perpendicular
Tattershall, Holy Trinity,
Tattershall, Holy Trinity,
Tattershall, Holy Trinity,

View of Holy Trinity from the south.

September 2010

Tattershall, Holy Trinity
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Chancel
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Chancel
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Chancel
The east window still retains original - though reassembled - stained glass of 1481-82.
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, east windwo, stained glass
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, North Door
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, North Door
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, North Door

This door on the north side of the nave, possibly original, is the usual modern entrance to the church.  It has a small wicket.

September 2010

Tattershall, Holy Trinity, north door, wicket
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Tom Thumb grave
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Tom Thumb grave
Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Tom Thumb grave

Tom Thumb, a character from English folklore, has a tiny house in Tattershall Market Place (on the roof ridge).

This is his supposed grave, bearing the inscription: "T Thumb / aged 101 / Died 1620"

September 2010

Tattershall, Holy Trinity, Tom Thumb, grave
Tattershall, Market Place
Tattershall, Market Place
Tattershall, Market Place

Panoramic view of Market Place.

Charter granted for a weekly market here in 1201. 

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, Market Place
Tattershall, Market Cross
Tattershall, Market Cross
Tattershall, Market Cross

C15 Market Cross. 

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1287778

Labelled as "Butter Cross" on 25" Ordnance Survey map published 1889.

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, Market Cross, Butter Cross
Tattershall, Medieval whistle
Tattershall, Medieval whistle
Tattershall, Medieval whistle

This glazed ceramic whistle is in the form of a jesterís head and was discovered at Tattershall in 1980 and dates to the 16th Century.

Such representations are rare and the whistle may have formed part of a jesterís equipment.

Although not found at Tattershall Castle, the whistle may have some connection to festivities held there.

Courtesy of Lincolnshire County Council, The Collection

Tattershall, ceramic whistle, jester
Tattershall, Methodist Chapel
Tattershall, Methodist Chapel
Tattershall, Methodist Chapel

The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel on Lodge Road, the second in the village, opened in 1849 and a Sunday school was added in 1893. It closed for worship in 1974.

DB 5 April 2018 

Tattershall, Weslyan, Methodist, Chapel
Tattershall, Millenium Sculpture
Tattershall, Millenium Sculpture
Tattershall, Millenium Sculpture

Located on the village green. An associated plaque states:-

"Unveiled by Councillor H.Barrak M.B.E. To Celebrate the Millennium"

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, Millenium Sculpture, Barrak
Tattershall, Old College
Tattershall, Old College
Tattershall, Old College

"Former college, later converted to a brewery and stores, now a ruin, restored C20. Founded by Ralph, Lord Cromwell, c.1440"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1287800 

Probably used as a school for choristers at the collegiate church.

"The oldest grammar school building in Lincolnshire" 

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall,The Old College, Ralph, Lord Cromwell, choristers
Tattershall, Old School
Tattershall, Old School
Tattershall, Old School

"Former school and schoolmaster's house. 1860-62, with minor C20 alterations. Designed by William Butterfield"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1390624 

DB 5 April 2018 

Tattershall, School, William Butterfield
Tattershall, Old Vicarage
Tattershall, Old Vicarage
Tattershall, Old Vicarage

"Former vicarage, now house. Late C18" (in High Street)

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1215970 

DB 1 July 2019

Tattershall, Old Vicarage
Tattershall, Railway Station & Goods Shed
Tattershall, Railway Station & Goods Shed
Tattershall, Railway Station & Goods Shed

Goods shed to the left with former railway station, just visible above the hedge, to the right.

The station was closed in 1963 and is now a gallery and pottery.

DB 22 October 2019

Tattershall, Railway Station, Engine Shed
Tattershall, Railway Tavern
Tattershall, Railway Tavern
Tattershall, Railway Tavern

Next to the former Tattershall Station but now renamed as The Tattershall Park County Pub & Kitchen.

The entry in Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1919 reads "Barton Emma (Mrs.), Railway tavern"

DB 22 October 2019

Tattershall, Railway Tavern, Tattershall Park County Pub
Tattershall, Railway Notice
Tattershall, Railway Notice
Tattershall, Railway Notice

Like the vast majority of country railway stations, there was no pedestrian bridge between the two passenger platforms at Tattershall.

The station entrance, main station building and ticket office were all on the north (up) platform and passengers were obliged to walk across the lines to access the down platform.

Matthew Wibley 

Tattershall, station notice
Tattershall, Railway, Crossing Keepers House
Tattershall, Railway, Crossing Keepers House
Tattershall, Railway, Crossing Keepers House

Just to the north of the former railway station.

The G.N.R. Lincolnshire Loop Line crossed the road immediately to the east (on the right hand side in this image).

DB 22 October 2019

Tattershall,
Tattershall, Village Sign
Tattershall, Village Sign
Tattershall, Village Sign

Located in Market Place on the village green.

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, Village Sign
Tattershall, War Memorial
Tattershall, War Memorial
Tattershall, War Memorial

Located in Market Place on the village green.

The memorial was made by Messrs Browning and Son of Spilsby at a cost of £120 and was dedicated at a special ceremony on 2 January 1921.

DB 5 April 2018

Tattershall, War Memorial